Aboucaya A (1989) La flore des îles d'Hyères: étude des rapports phytogéographiques et biosystématiques avec les Maures et la Corse. Thèse de Doctorat Aix-Marseille III Affre L, Thompson JD, Debussche M (1997) Genetic structure of continental and island populations of the Mediterranean endemic Cyclamen balearicum (Primulaceae). Am J Bot 84:437-451 Alsos IG, Eidesen PB, Ehrich D, Skrede I, Westergaard K, Jacobsen GH, Landvik JY, Taberlet P, Brochmann C (2007) Frequent long-distance plant colonization in the changing Arctic. Science 316:1606-1609

Azmanov I (2002) Vavilov in Ithaca, NY, 1932. In: Buican D, Thieffry D (eds) Proceedings of the XXth International Congress of History of Science (Liège, 20-26 July 1997), vol XI, Biological and medical sciences. Brepols, Turnhout, pp 303-332 Bettin O, Cornejo C, Edwards PJ, Holderegger R (2007) Phylogeography of the high alpine plant Senecio halleri (Asteraceae) in the European Alps: in situ glacial survival with postglacial stepwise dispersal into peripheral areas. Mol Ecol 16:2517-2524 Bretagnolle F, Felber F, Calame FG, Küpfer P (1998) La polyploïdie chez les plantes. Bot Helv 5:5-37 Breton-Sintès S (1974) Etude Biosystématique de genre Knautia (Dipsacaceae) dans le Massif-Central. II. Analyse morphologique et cytogénétique d'hybrides expérimentaux. Ann Sci Nat Bot Biol Vég 15:277-320

Brochmann C, Brysting AK, Alsos IG, Borgen L, Grundt HH, Scheen AC, Elven R (2004)

Polyploidy in arctic plants. Biol J Linn Soc 82:521-536 Brunhoff C, Yoccoz NG, Ims RA, Jaarola M (2006) Glacial survival or late glacial colonization? Phylogeography of the root vole (Microtus oeconomus) in North-West Norway. J Biogeogr 33:2136-2144

Calero C, Ibanez O, Mayol M, Rossello JA (1999) Random amplified polymorphic DNA(RAPD) markers detect a single phenotype in Lysimachia minoricensis J.J.Rodr. (Primulaceae), a wild extinct plant. Mol Ecol 8:2133-2136 Comps B, Gömöry D, Letouzey J, Thiébaut B, Petit RJ (2001) Diverging trends between heterozy-gosity and allelic richness during postglacial colonization in the European beech. Genetics 157:389-397

Coulson SJ, Hodkinson ID, Webb NR, Mikkola K, Harrison JA, Pedgley DE (2002) Aerial colonization of high Arctic islands by invertebrates: the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) as a potential indicator species. Divers Distrib 8:327-334 Crandall KA, Bininda-Emonds OR, Mace GM, Wayne RK (2000) Considering evolutionary processes in conservation biology. Trends Ecol Evol 15:290-295 Crawford DJ, Mort ME (2003) Polyploidy: some things old to go with the new. Taxon 52:411-413

de Bolös O, Vigo J (1984) Flora dels Països Catalans, vol 1. Barcino, Barcelona de Lattin G (1967) Grundriss der Zoogeographie. Gustav Fischer, Jena

Diadema K (2006) Apport de la phylogéographie, de la dynamique et de la structure des populations pour la conservation de végétaux endémiques méditerranéens. Thèse de doctorat Aix-Marseille III

Diadema K, Bretagnolle F, Affre L, Yuan YM, Médail F (2005) Geographic structure of molecular variation of Gentiana ligustica (Gentianaceae) in the Maritime and Ligurian regional hotspot, inferred from ITS sequences. Taxon 54:887-894 Dobigny G, Ducroz JF, Robinson TJ, Volobouev V (2004) Cytogenetics and cladistics Syst Biol 53:470-484

Duriez O, Sachet JM, Menoni E, Pidancier N, Miquel C, Taberlet P (2007) Phylogeography of the Capercaillie in Eurasia: what is the conservation status in the Pyrenees and Cantabrian Mounts? Conserv Genetics 8:513-526 Ehrendorfer F (1980) Polyploidy and distribution. In: Lewis WH (ed) Polyploidy: biological relevance. Plenum Press, New York, pp 45-60 Ehrich D, Gaudeul M, Assefa A, Koch MA, Mummenhoff K, Nemomissa S, Intrabiodiv Consortium (2007) Genetic consequences of Pleistocene range shifts: contrast between the Arctic, the Alps and the East African mountains. Mol Ecol 16:2542-2559 Eidesen PB, Alsos IG, Popp M, Stensrud O, Suda J, Brochmann C (2007) Nuclear vs. plastid data:

complex Pleistocene history of a circumpolar key species. Mol Ecol 16:3902-3925 El Mousadik A, Petit RJ (1996) High level of genetic differentiation for allelic richness among populations of the argan tree [Argania spinosa (L) Skeels] endemic to Morocco. Theor Appl Genet 92:832-839

Favarger C (1967) Cytologie et distribution des plantes. Biol Rev 42:163-206

Favarger C (1972) Endemism in the Montane Floras of Europe. In: Valentine DH (ed) Taxonomy phytogeography and evolution. Academic, London, pp 191-204 Favarger C, Contandriopoulos J (1961) Essai sur l'endémisme. Bull Soc Bot Suisse 71:384-408 Forbes E (1846) On the connexion between the distribution of the existing fauna and flora of the British Isles, and the geological changes which have affected their area, especially during the epoch of the Northern Drift. Mem Geol Surv Great Brit 1:336-432 Gadella TWJ (1987) Pattern and process in biosystematic and evolutionary studies. In: Hovenkamp P et al (eds) Systematics and evolution: a matter of diversity. Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, pp 35-54

Garnier S, Alibert P, Audiot P, Prieur B, Rasplus JY (2004) Isolation by distance and sharp discontinuities in gene frequencies: implications for the phylogeography of an alpine insect species, Carabus solieri. Mol Ecol 13:1883-1897

Gitzendanner MA, Soltis PS (2000) Patterns of genetic variation in rare and widespread plant congeners. Am J Bot 87:783-792 Goldblatt P (1980) Polyploidy in Angiosperms: Monocotyledons. In: Lewis WH (ed) Polyploidy:

biological relevance. Plenum Press, New York, pp 219-239 Grundt HH, Kjolner S, Borgen L, Rieseberg LH, Brochmann C (2006) High biological species diversity in the arctic flora. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103:972-975 Haeckel E (1876) The History of creation: or the development of the Earth and its inhabitants by the action of natural causes. Appleton and Company, New York Hampe A, Petit RJ (2005) Conserving biodiversity under climate change: the rear edge matters. Ecol Letters 8:461-467

Hampe A, Arroyo J, Jordano P, Petit RJ (2003) Rangewide phylogeography of a bird-dispersed Eurasian shrub: contrasting Mediterranean and temperate glacial refugia. Mol Ecol 12:3415-3426

Harland SC (1954) Nicolai Ivanovitch Vavilov. Obituary Not Fellows R Soc 9:259-264 Hartl DL, Clark AG (1989) Principles of population genetics, 2nd edn. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA Hewitt GM (1993) Postglacial distribution and species substructure: lessons from pollen, insects and hybrid zones. In: Lees DR, Edwards D (eds) Linnean society symposium 14. Evolutionary patterns and processes. Academic, London, pp 98-123 Hewitt GM (1996) Some genetic consequences of ice ages, and their role in divergence and spe-

ciation. Biol J Linn Soc 58:247-276 Hewitt GM (1999) Post-glacial re-colonization of European biota. Biol J Linn Soc 68:87-112 Hodgson JG (1987) Why do so few plant species exploit productive habitats? An investigation into cytology, plant strategies and abundance within a local flora. Funct Ecol 1:243-250 Holderegger R, Stehlik I, Abbott RJ (2002) Molecular analysis of the Pleistocene history of

Saxifraga oppositifolia in the Alps. Mol Ecol 11:1409-1418 Hughes PD, Woodward JC, Gibbard PL (2006) Quaternary glacial history of the Mediterranean mountains. Prog Phys Geogr 30:334-364 Huntley B, Webb T III (1989) Migration: Species' response to climatic variations caused by changes in the earth's orbit. J Biogeogr 16:5-19 Ibrahim KM, Nichols RA, Hewitt GM (1996) Spatial patterns of genetic variation generated by different forms of dispersal during range expansion. Heredity 77:282-291 Ivy-Ochs S, Kerschner H, Reuther A, Preusser F, Heine K, Maisch M, Kubik PW, Schluchter C

(2008) Chronology of the last glacial cycle in the European Alps. J Quat Sci 23:559-573 Joost S, Bonin A, Bruford MW, Després L, Conord C, Erhardt G, Taberlet P (2007) A spatial analysis method (SAM) to detect candidate loci for selection: towards a landscape genomics approach to adaptation. Mol Ecol 16:3955-3969 Joost S, Bonin A, Taberlet P, Caloz R (2008) Un rôle pour la science de l'information géographique en écologie moléculaire: la détection de régions du génome soumises à la sélection naturelle. Rev Int Géomatique 18:215-237 Küpfer P (1974) Recherches sur les liens de parenté entre la flore orophile des Alpes et celle des

Pyrénées. Boissiera 23:1-322 Levin DA (1983) Polyploidy and novelty in flowering plants. Am Nat 122:1-25 Levin DA (2002) The role of chromosomal change in plant evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Lewis WH (1980) Polyploidy: biological relevance. Plenum Press, New York

Lexer C, Fay MF (2005) Adaptation to environmental stress: a rare or frequent driver of specia-

tion? J Evol Biol 18:893-900 Luikart G, Allendorf FW, Cornuet JM, Sherwin WB (1998) Distortion of allele frequency distributions provides a test for recent population bottlenecks. J Hered 89:238-247 Lumaret R, Guillerm JL, Maillet J, Verlaque R (1997) Plant species diversity and polyploidy in islands of natural vegetation isolated in extensive cultivated lands. Biodiv Conserv 6:591-613

Mabble BK (2004) 'Why polyploidy is rarer in animals than in plants': myths and mechanisms.

Biol J Linn Soc 82:453-466 Mansion G, Zeltner L, Bretagnolle F (2005) Phylogenetic patterns and polyploid evolution within the Mediterranean genus Centaurium (Gentianaceae-Chironieae). Taxon 54:931-950

Médail F, Diadema K (2008) Glacial réfugia influence plant diversity patterns in the Mediterranean basin. J Biogeogr 36:1333-1345 Médail F, Quézel P (1997) Hot-spots analysis for conservation of plant biodiversity in the

Mediterranean Basin. Ann Mo Bot Gard 84:112-127 Médail F, Verlaque R (1997) Ecological characteristics and rarity of endemic plants from Southeast France and Corsica. Implications for biodiversity conservation. Biol Conserv 80:269-281

Nève G, Barascud B, Descimon H, Baguette M (2008) Gene flow rise with habitat fragmentation in the bog fritillary butterfly (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae). BMC Evol Biol 8:e84 Nichols RA, Hewitt GM (1994) The genetic consequences of long distance dispersal during colonization. Heredity 72:312-317 Peterson MA (1995) Phenological isolation, gene flow and developmental differences among low-elevation and high-elevation populations of Euphilotes enoptes (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Evolution 49:446-455

Peterson MA (1996) Long-distance gene flow in the sedentary butterfly, Euphilotes enoptes

(Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Evolution 50:1990-1999 Petit RJ, Bialozyt R, Brewer S, Cheddadi R, Comps B (2001) From spatial patterns of genetic diversity to postglacial migration processes in forest trees. In: Silvertown J, Antonovics J (eds) Integrating ecology and evolution in a spatial context. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 295-318 Petit RJ, Csaikl UM, Bordacs S, Burg K, Coart E, Cottrell J, van Dam B, Deans JD, Dumolin-Lapegue S, Fineschi S, Finkeldey R, Gillies A, Glaz I, Goicoechea PG, Jensen JS, Konig AO, Lowe AJ, Madsen SF, Matyas G, Munro RC, Olalde M, Pemonge MH, Popescu F, Slade D, Tabbener H, Taurchini D, de Vries SGM, Ziegenhagen B, Kremer A (2002) Chloroplast DNA variation in European white oaks - Phylogeography and patterns of diversity based on data from over 2600 populations. Forest Ecol Manage 156:5-26 Ravi M, Marimuthu MPA, Siddiqi I (2008) Gamete formation without meiosis in Arabidopsis.

Nature 451:1121-1125 Reese G (1958) Polyploidie und Verbreitung. Zeitsch Bot 46:339-354 Richards AJ (1997) Plant breeding systems. Chapman and Hall, London

Schönswetter P, Paun O, Tribsch A, Niklfeld H (2003) Out of the Alps: Colonization of Northern Europe by East Alpine populations of the Glacier Buttercup Ranunculus glacialis L. (Ranunculaceae). Mol Ecol 12:3373-3381 Schönswetter P, Popp M, Brochmann C (2006a) Central Asian origin of and strong genetic differentiation among populations of the rare and disjunct Carex atrofusca (Cyperaceae) in the Alps. J Biogeogr 33:948-956 Schönswetter P, Popp M, Brochmann C (2006b) Rare arctic-alpine plants of the European Alps have different immigration histories: the snow bed species Minuartia biflora and Ranunculus pygmaeus. Mol Ecol 15:709-720 Seidenbinder M (1989) Différenciation et adaptation de certaines Angiospermes en région méditerranéenne. Thèse de doctorat, Aix-Marseille I Skrede I, Eidesen PB, Portela RP, Brochmann C (2006) Refugia, differentiation and post-glacial migration in arctic-alpine Eurasia, exemplified by the mountain avens (Dryas octopetala L.). Mol Ecol 15:1827-1840 Slatkin M (1993) Isolation by distance in equilibrium and non-equilibrium populations. Evolution 47:264-279

Snogerup S (1967) Studies in the Aegean flora IX. Erysimum sect. Cheiranthus. B. Variation and evolution in the small population system. Opera Bot 14:5-86 Soltis DE, Soltis PS (1999) Polyploidy: recurrent formation and genome evolution. Trends Ecol Evol 14:348-352

Stace CA (2005) Plant taxonomy and biosystematics - does DNA provide all the answers ? Taxon 54:999-1007

Stearns SC (1992) The evolution of life histories. Oxford University Press, Oxford Stebbins GL (1971) Chromosome evolution in higher plants. Edward Arnold, London Stehlik I, Schneller JJ, Bachmann K (2001) Resistance or emigration: response of the high-alpine plant Eritrichium nanum (L.) Gaudin to the ice age within the Central Alps. Mol Ecol 10:357-370

Strid A (1969) Evolutionary trends in the breeding system of Nigella (Ranunculaceae). Bot Not 122:380-397

Svendsen JI, Alexanderson H, Astakhov VI, Demidov I, Dowdeswell JA, Funder S, Gataullin V, Henriksen M, Hjort C, Houmark-Nielsen M, Hubberten HW, Ingölfsson O, Jakobsson M, Kjœr KH, Larsen E, Lokrantz H, Lunkka J-P, Lysâ A, Mangerud J, Matioushkov A, Murray A, Möller P, Niessen F, Nikolskaya O, Polyak L, Saarnisto M, Siegert C, Siegert MJ, Spielhagen RF, Stein R (2004) Late Quaternary ice sheet history of Eurasia. Quat Sci Rev 23:1229-1271

Thompson JD (2005) Plant evolution in the Mediterranean. Oxford University Press, Oxford Thompson JD, Lumaret R (1992) The evolutionary dynamics of polyploid plants: Origins,

Establishment and Persistence. Trends Ecol Evol 7:302-307 Udvardy MDF (1969) Dynamic zoogeography. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York Vandewoestijne S, Nève G, Baguette M (1999) Spatial and temporal population structure of the butterfly Aglais urticae (Lepidoptera Nymphalidae). Mol Ecol 8:1639-1644 Vavilov NI (1950) The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated plants. Chron Bot 13:1-364 Verlaque R (1999) L'endémisme en Méditerranée: caractéristiques et menaces. Biosystema 17:45-52

Verlaque R, Contandriopoulos J (1990) Analyse des variations chromosomiques en région méditerranéenne: Polyploidie, différenciation et adaptation. Ecol Medit 16:93-112 Verlaque R, Filosa D (1992) Mediterranean chromosome number reports - 2. Flora Medit 2:264-272

Verlaque R, Filosa D (1997) Caryologie et Biogéographie des messicoles menacées du Sud-Est de la France; Comparaison avec les autres mauvaises herbes. In: Gap-Charence (eds) AFCEV, BRG, Conserv Bot. Nat. Faut-il sauver les mauvaises herbes? Louis-Jean, Gap, pp 105-124 Verlaque R, Médail F, Quézel P, Babinot JF (1997) Endémisme végétal et Paléogéographie dans le Bassin Méditerranéen. Geobios 21:159-166 Verlaque R, Aboucaya A, Fridlender A (2002) Les xénophytes envahissants en France: ecologie, types biologiques et polyploïdie. Bot Helv 112:121-136 Vogel JC, Rumsey FJ, Schneller JJ, Barrett JA, Gibby M (1999) Where are the glacial refugia in

Europe? Evidence from Pteridophytes. Biol J Linn Soc 66:23-37 Wallis GP (1994) Population genetics and conservation in New-Zealand - a hierarchical synthesis and recommendations for the 1990s. J Roy Soc N Z 24:143-160 Wang Y, Magnard J-L, McCormick S, Yang M (2004) Progression through meiosis I and meiosis II in Arabidopsis anthers is regulated by an A-type Cyclin predominately expressed in prophase I. Plant Physiol 136:412-4135 Watt WB, Wheat CW, Meyer EH, Martin JF (2003) Adaptation at specific loci. VII. Natural selection, dispersal and the diversity of molecular-functional variation patterns among butterfly species complexes (Colias: Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Mol Ecol 12:1265-1275 Widmer A, Lexer C (2001) Glacial refugia: sanctuaries for allelic richness, but not for gene diversity. Trends Ecol Evol 16:267-269 Wolf PG, Doche B, Gielly L, Taberlet P (2004) Genetic structure of Rhododendron ferrugineum at a wide range of spatial scales. J Hered 95:301-308 Wright S (1943) Isolation by distance. Genetics 28:114-138

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment