The Future The Era of Model Assessments

The only rational way to attain reasonable estimates of future climate change is by the use of complex physical models of the climate system. In order to produce climate projections for decades or centuries to come, reasonable anthropogenic greenhouse gas and aerosol emission data as well as land use scenarios are needed in conjunction with sophisticated computer codes as forcing boundary values. Climate models and emission scenarios are briefly introduced in the following sections before the results from such model assessments of future climate situations are presented.

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