Chapter

1. Adrienne Mayor, Greek Fire, Poison Arrows and Scorpion Bombs: Biological and Chemical Warfare in the Ancient World (New York: Overlook Duckworth, 2003), chap. 6.

3. Guy Gugliotta, "The Robot with the Mind of an Eel: Scientists Start to Fuse Tissue and Technology in Machines," Washington Post, April 17, 2001.

4. Robin Clarke, The Silent Weapons (New York: David McKay, 1968), chap. 9.

5. Jane Black, "Enlisting Insects in the Military," Business Week, November 5, 2001, available at businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/nov2001/nf2001115_ 8187.htm; Paul Stone, "Creatures Feature Possible Defense Applications," American Forces Press Service, July 28, 1999, available at defenselink.mil/ specials/bees/natures.html.

6. John Roach, "U.S. Military Looks to Beetles for New Sensors," National Geographic News, March 14, 2003, available at news.nationalgeographic.com/ news/2003/03/03i4_0303i4_secretweapons3.html.

7. Stone, "Creatures Feature Possible Defense Applications."

8. Daniel McCabe, "Building a Better Robot," McGillReporter, June 26, 2000, available at http://www.mcgill.ca/reporter/32/i8/buehler.

9. Ibid; Peter Menzel and Faith D'Aluisio, Robo Sapiens: Evolution of a New Species (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 200i), chap. 3.

10. Menzel and D'Aluisio, Robo Sapiens, chap. 3.

13. Peter Garrison, "Microspies," Air and Space (April/May 2000): 54-61; Stone, "Creatures Feature Possible Defense Applications"; Jim Wilson, "Micro Warfare," Popular Mechanics (February 2001): 62-65.

14. Garrison, "Microspies," p. 60.

15. Insects can move their wings at phenomenal speeds, as exemplified by a midge that beats its wings 1,046 times per second. But the key to insect flight, as we shall see, is not wing-beat frequency but fluid density.

16. Menzel and D'Aluisio, Robo Sapiens, chap. 3.

17. Rachel Ross, "Robotic Insect Takes Off," Technology Review, July 19, 2007, available at technologyreview.com/Infotech/19068.

18. Rick Weiss, "Dragonfly or Insect Spy? Scientists at Work on Robobugs," Washington Post (October 9, 2007): A03.

19. Black, "Enlisting Insects in the Military"; Menzel and D'Aluisio, Robo Sapiens, chap. 3.

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