Chapter

1. Eric Croddy, Chemical and Biological Warfare: A Comprehensive Survey for the Concerned Citizen (New York: Springer-Verlag, 2002), chap. 9; John Dinger,

"Cuba: No Use of Biological Weapons," U.S. Department of State press statement, May 6, 1997; Note Verbale from the Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations, Addressed to the Secretary-General, April 29, 1997, as Item 80 of the preliminary list of the 52nd session of UN General Assembly, available at afrocubaweb.com/biowar.htm (accessed January 23, 2008).

2. Note Verbale from the Permanent Mission of Cuba.

3. Simon M. Whitby, Biological Warfare Against Crops (New York: Palgrave, 2002), chap. 4.

4. Note Verbale from the Permanent Mission of Cuba.

5. Dinger, "Cuba: No Use of Biological Weapons."

6. Milton Leitenberg, "Biological Weapons in the 20th Century: A Review and Analysis," available from the Federation of American Scientists Web site, fas .org/bwc/papers/bw20th.htm (accessed January 23, 2008).

7. Croddy, Chemical and Biological Warfare; Dinger, "Cuba: No Use of Biological Weapons"; Note Verbale from the Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations.

8. Note Verbale from the Permanent Mission of Cuba.

10. Ibid; Whitby, Biological Warfare Against Crops, chap. 4.

11. Whitby, Biological Warfare Against Crops, chap. 4.

12. Leitenberg, "Biological Weapons in the 20th Century."

13. Croddy, Chemical and Biological Warfare, p. 245.

15. Whitby, Biological Warfare Against Crops, p. 65.

16. Milton Leitenberg, "Biological Weapons in the 20th Century," Section 9, "Undermining the International Regime: False Allegations of BW Use," available at fas.org/bwc/papers/review/under.htm (accessed January 23, 2008).

17. "Interview: Valentin Yevstigneyev on Issues Relating to Russian Biological Weapons," Yaderny Kontrol [Nuclear Control]) Digest, 11 (Summer 1999):

18. Leitenberg, "Biological Weapons in the 20th Century," Section 9; Colum Lynch, "U.N. Employee Planned Locust Plague, Iraq Says," Washington Post, July 7,1999; Judith Miller, "U.N. Backs Mine Expert Expelled by Iraq," New York Times, July 9, 1999.

19. Juan O. Tamayo and Meg Laughlin, "Cuba Files $181 Billion Claim Against U.S.," Miami Herald, June 2, 1999, available at nocastro.com/archives/ cuba181m.htm.

20. "Cuba Profile: Biological," available at the Nuclear Threat Initiative Web site, nti.org/e_research/profiles/Cuba/Biological/3481.html (accessed January 23, 2008).

21. Tamayo and Laughlin, "Cuba Files $181 Billion Claim."

22. Thomas W. Frazier, "Natural and Bioterrorist/Biocriminal Threats to Food and Agriculture," in Food and Agricultural Security Special Issue, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 894 (1999): 5.

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