Perhaps the best overview of Napoleon's entomological trials and tribulations is Robert Peterson's article "Insects, Disease, and Military History" in American Entomologist, 41 (1995): 147—160. David Chandler's The Campaigns of Napoleon (New York: Scribners, 1973) is a monumental account of the French leader's military ventures, including those in which insect-borne disease had the upper hand. The disastrous French occupation of Haiti—thanks in large part to the ravages of yellow fever—is recounted by Philippe Girard in Paradise Lost: Haiti's Tumultuous Journey from Pearl of the Caribbean to Third World Hotspot (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005). The biology and ecology of the insect vectors of bubonic plague, yellow fever, and typhus can be found in Entomology in Human and Animal Health by Robert Harwood and Maurice James (New York: Macmillan, 1979).

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