The use of assassin bugs to detect the enemy in Vietnam is described in the paper by John Ambrose, "Insects in Warfare," Army (December 1974): 33—38. How firefly biochemistry and behavior have been used to develop detectors of poison gas and biological agents is recounted by Robin Clarke in The Silent Weapons (New York: David McKay, 1968), John Cookson and Judith Nottingham in A Survey of Chemical and Biological Warfare (New York: Monthly Review, 1969), and Robert Harris and Jeremy Paxman in A Higher Form of Killing: The Secret History of
Chemical and Biological Warfare (New York: Random House, 2002). The use of bees as mine detectors is explained by Jerry Bromenshenk et al. in "Can Honey Bees Assist in Area Reduction and Landmine Detection?" Journal of Mine Action, 7.3 (2003).
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