Chapter

1. Ed Regis, The Biology of Doom: The History of America's Secret Germ Warfare Project (New York: Henry Holt, 1999), chap. 11.

2. Chen Wen-Kuei, "My Experiences in Anti-Bacteriological Warfare," Chinese Medical Journal, 70 (1952, Suppl.): 38-46.

3. Milton Leitenberg, "The Korean War Biological Warfare Allegations Resolved," Center for Pacific Asia Studies at Stockholm University, Occasional Paper 36 (May 1998), p. 4.

5. Stephen Endicott and Edward Hagerman, The United States and Biological Warfare: Secrets from the Early Cold War and Korea (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998), p. 155.

6. Report of the International Scientific Commission for the Investigation of the Facts Concerning Bacterial Warfare in Korea and China (Peking: International Scientific Commission, 1952), p. 503.

7. Endicott and Hagerman, United States and Biological Warfare, p. 167.

12. Robin Clarke, The Silent Weapons (New York: David McKay, 1968), p. 24.

13. Endicott and Hagerman, United States and Biological Warfare, chap. 5; Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), The Problem of Chemical and Biological Warfare: A Study of the Historical, Technical, Military, Legal and Political Aspects ofCBW, and Possible Disarmament Measures, Vol. V: The Prevention ofCBW (New York: Humanities Press, 1991).

14. Regis, Biology of Doom, chap. 11.

16. SIPRI, Problem of Chemical and Biological Warfare.

17. John Cookson and Judith Nottingham, A Survey of Chemical and Biological Warfare (New York: Monthly Review, 1969), pp. 62-63.

18. Ibid., chaps. 1 and 7; Endicott and Hagerman, United States and Biological Warfare, chap. 12; Regis, Biology of Doom, chap. 11.

19. Sheldon H. Harris, Factories of Death: Japanese Biological Warfare, 1932— 1945, and the American Cover-Up (New York: Routledge, 2002), chap. 16; Leitenberg, "Korean War Biological Warfare."

20. Leitenberg, "Korean War Biological Warfare," p. 17.

21. Endicott and Hagerman, United States and Biological Warfare, p. 25.

22. Robert K. D. Peterson, "The Role of Insects as Biological Weapons," Insects, Disease and History Web site, Entomology Group of Montana State University, entomology.montana.edu/historybug/insects_as_bioweapons.htm (accessed January 21, 2008).

23. Endicott and Hagerman, United States and Biological Warfare, p. 193.

24. SIPRI. Problem of Chemical and Biological Warfare.

25. Sean Murphy, Alastair Hay, and Steven Rose, No Fire, No Thunder: The Threat of Chemical and Biological Weapons (New York: Monthly Review, 1984), p. 34.

26. Leitenberg, "Korean War Biological Warfare."

27. Interview with author, January 17, 2006.

28. Interview with author, January 18, 2006.

29. Leitenberg, "Korean War Biological Warfare"; Tom Mangold and Jeff Goldberg, Plague Wars: The Terrifying Reality of Biological Warfare (New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1999), chap. 31.

30. Leitenberg, "Korean War Biological Warfare," p. 21.

32. The text of the 1951 memorandum from Lieutenant General Matthew Ridgeway is available at the Military History Network Web site, milhist.net/ global/whywearehere.html (accessed January 21, 2008).

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