Descriptions of how ants have been used as instruments of torture include Once They Moved Like the Wind: Cochise, Geronimo, and the Apache Wars by David
Roberts (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994) and Death in the Desert: The Fifty Years' War for the Great Southwest by Paul Wellman (New York: Macmillan, 1935). The story of Nasrullah, Stoddart, Connolly, and the Bug Pit can be gleaned from Sir Alexander Burnes's Travels into Bokhara (London: Oxford University Press, 1973), Peter Hopkirk's The Great Game: The Struggle for Empire in Central Asia (New York: Kodansha, 1992), and Karl Meyer and Shareen Brysac's Tournament of Shadows: The Great Game and the Race for Empire in Central Asia (Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 1999). For more about the pit's denizens, consider Dunston Ambrose's Assassin Bugs (Fairfield, N.H.: Science Publishers, 1999).
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