For convenience, the primary citations for some of the most recent discoveries are included since they have not yet been incorporated into many of the most up-to-date books. Otherwise, the secondary sources that are most useful for seeking further information are listed.
Aiello, L., and Dean, C. An Introduction to Human Evolutionary Anatomy. London: Academic Press, 1990. The only book of its kind to describe the anatomical differences across the whole of the musculoskeletal system between humans and the other great apes with in-depth discussion of how hominin fossil anatomy is interpreted for each region.
Alley, R., et al. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis—Summary for Policymakers. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 10th Session of Working Group I of the IPCC, Paris, February 2007. This document contains up-to-date analyses and predictions dealing with world climate change and global warming issues.
Bahn, P.G. Journey through the Ice Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001. Explores the oldest art with terrific photographs.
Beard, K.C. The Hunt for the Dawn Monkey: Unearthing the Origins of Monkeys, Apes and Humans. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004. A great popular account of searching for fossils of the earliest monkeys and apes and how that ties in with human origins science.
Borges, J.L. Other Inquisitions (1937—1952). Translated by R. L. Simms. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1964. The source for the creative classification of animals in an ancient Chinese encyclopedia is mentioned here.
Brown, P., et al. A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia. Nature 431 (2004): 1055-1061. The announcement of the discovery of the so-called "hobbits."
Brown, W.M., et al. Dance reveals symmetry especially in young men. Nature 438 (2005): 1148-1150. A study that links dancing ability and body symmetry as fitness indicators.
Brunet, M., et al. A new hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad, Central Africa. Nature 8 (2002): 145-151. The announcement of the Sahelanthropus discovery.
-. New material of the earliest hominid from the Upper Miocene of Chad.
Nature 434 (2005): 752-755.
Buss, D. The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.
Calvin, W.H. A Brief History of the Mind. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.
-. The Throwing Madonna. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983. A collection of essays on the human brain's evolution and complexity including the hypothesis that the development of overarm accurate throwing played a role in the development of the large brain and language.
Cann, R.L., et al. Mitochondrial DNA and human evolution. Nature 325 (1987): 31-36. The "birth" of mitochondrial "Eve."
Chase, P.G. The Emergence of Culture: The Evolution of a Uniquely Human Way of Life. New York: Springer, 2006.
Conroy, G.C. Primate Evolution. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1990. The ultimate source for synthesizing evidence of primate evolution from the primate fossil record.
-. Reconstructing Human Origins, 2nd ed. New York: W.W. Norton & Company,
2005. An authoritative volume on paleoanthropology for anyone with more than an introductory interest in human evolution.
Darwin, C. The Descent of Man. London: Murray, 1871.
-. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. London: Murray, 1859.
Dawkins, R. The Ancestor's Tale. Boston, MA: Mariner, 2004. A compelling view of organismal evolution taking the opposite path of tradition and going from the present to the past.
de Menocal, P.G. Plio-Pleistocene African climate. Science 270 (1995): 53-59.
Dunbar, R. Grooming, Gossip and the Evolution ofLanguage. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
Dunsworth, H.M., et al. Throwing and bipedalism: a new look at an old idea. In J.L. Franzen, et al. (eds.), Upright Walking. Frankfurt: Senckenberg Institute, 2003, pp. 105-110. Reviews the hypotheses for the origin of throwing and investigates the effect of arm length evolution on the throwing ability of early hominins.
Enard, W., et al. Molecular evolution of FOXP2, a gene involved in speech and language. Nature 418 (2002): 869-872.
Eppinger, M., et al. Who ate whom? Adaptive Helicobacter genomic changes that accompanied a hostjump from early humans to large felines. PLoS Genetics 2(7) (2006): e120.
Eveleth, P.B., and Tanner, J.M. Worldwide Variation in Human Growth, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Falk, D. Braindance: New Discoveries about Human Origins and Brain Evolution. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2004.
-. Primate Diversity. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2000.
Fisher, H.E. Anatomy of Love. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1992. A compelling look at the human reproductive strategy.
Fleagle,J. Primate Adaptation and Evolution. New York: Academic Press, 1999. A compendium on the biology, ecology, and evolution of the Order Primates.
Freeman, S., and Herron,J.C. Evolutionary Analysis. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 2001.
Gathogo, P.N., and Brown, F.H. Revised stratigraphy of Area 123, Koobi Fora, Kenya and new age estimates of its fossil mammals, including hominins. Journal of
Human Evolution 51(5) (2006): 471-479. New dates that say the contentious early hominin skulls that show so much variation (KNM-ER 1470 and KNM-ER 1813) may not be contemporaneous and may actually be 250 Kya apart, so they may no longer pose a taxonomic problem.
Gaulin, S.J., and McBurney, D. Psychology: An Evolutionary Approach. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2000.
Gibbons, A. The First Human. New York: Doubleday, 2006. The latest account of the race to discover the earliest hominins.
Goodall, J.G. The Chimpanzees of Gombe. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 1986.
Green, R.E., et al. Analysis of one million base pairs of Neanderthal DNA. Nature 444 (2006): 330-336.
Hartwig, W.C. The Primate Fossil Record. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. The most up-to-date book to contain accounts of the history of discovery and debate as well as the interpretations of basically the entire record of primate and human fossils.
Hawkes, K., et al. Grandmother, menopause and the evolution of human life histories. PNAS95(3) (1998): 1336-1339.
Hoberg, E.P., et al. Out of Africa: Origins of the Taenia tapeworms in humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 268 (1469) (2001): 781-787.
Huxley, T.H. Evidence as to Man's Place in Nature. London: D. Appleton and Company, 1863.
Jablonski, N.G. Skin: A Natural History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2006. Most things dealing with human skin and its evolution are covered. Ofparticular importance is the emphasis on human skin color evolution.
Jobling, M.A., et al. Human Evolutionary Genetics: Origins, Peoples and Disease. New York: Garland Science Publishing, 2004. A must-read textbook on the topic.
Johanson, D.C., and Edey, M. Lucy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1981. A thrilling first-person account of the famous discovery.
Johanson, D.C., and Edgar, B. From Lucy to Language. New York: Simon & Schuster,
1996. Contains exquisite life-size or near life-size photographs of key specimens in the fossil and archaeological records for the prehistory of humans.
Jones, S., et al. Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Many important discoveries have been made since this book was published, but it is a decent amalgamation of the entire gamut of research that pertains to understanding human evolution.
Kittler, R., et al. Molecular Evolution of Pediculus humanus and the origin of clothing. Current Btology 13 (2003): 1414-1417.
Klein, R. The Human Career. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. A great resource on human evolution especially cultural evolution.
Kuhn, S.L., and Stiner, M.C. What's a mother to do? The division of labor among Neanderthals and modern humans in Eurasia. Current Anthropology 47(6) (2006): 953-980.
Leakey, R.E.F., and Lewin, R. Origins Reconsidered: In Search of What Makes Us Human. New York: Anchor, 1993.
Lewin R. 1997. Bones of Contention, 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
1997. A look at some of the major debates between paleoanthropologists in the present and the past.
Lieberman, D.E., et al. Interpreting the Past: Essays on Human, Primate, and Mammal Evolution. Boston, MA: Brill Academic Publishers, 2005. In spite of the very technical anatomical details, Chapter 7, "The Last Common Ancestor of Apes and Humans" by Peter Andrews and Terry Harrison, is especially helpful and is the most up-to-date offering of its kind.
Linz, B., et al. An African origin for the intimate association between humans and Helicobacter pylori. Nature 445 (2007): 915-918.
Mayor, A. The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000. All about how the ancient peoples of Greece and Rome interpreted fossils.
McBrearty, S., and Jablonski, N.G. First fossil chimpanzee. Nature 437 (2005): 105108.
McDougall, I., et al. Stratigraphic placement and age of modern humans from Kibish, Ethiopia. Nature 433 (2005): 733-736. Newly redated sediments put the Omo I and II skeletons at about 200,000 years ago, making them the oldest modern human fossils on record and also putting them close to genetic estimates of human origins.
McGrew, W.C., etal. Great Ape Societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Miller, G. F. The Mating Mind. New York: Doubleday, 2000. An intriguing hypothesis that much of the wonders of the human mind evolved by sexual selection as, more or less, courting devices.
Molnar, S. Human Variation, 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003. The premier textbook on the topic.
Morell, V. Ancestral Passions. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. The story of the Leakey family's quest for human origins.
Morris, S.C, and Gould, S.J. Showdown on the Burgess Shale. Natural History Magazine 107(10) (1998): 48-55. Simon Conway Morris wrote a challenge and Stephen Jay Gould wrote a reply dealing with the issue of the inevitable (or not) outcomes of evolution.
Moser, S. Ancestral Images. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989. A fascinating trek through the history of the iconography of human origins and evolution.
Moya-Sola, S., et al. Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a new Middle Miocene great ape from Spain. Science 306 (2004): 1339-1344. A well-preserved partial skeleton of a possible great ape ancestor is first reported here.
Newell, M. Was it possible that Neanderthals discovered America? Archaeology Magazine March/April, 1993.
Nielsen, R., et al. A scan for positively selected genes in the genomes of humans and chimpanzees. PLoSBiology 3(6) (2005): e170.
Noonan, J.P., et al. Sequencing and analysis of Neanderthal genomic DNA. Science 314 (2006): 1113-1118.
Pagel, M. Oxford Encyclopedia of Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Entries on nearly everything related to evolution are written by the experts in their fields.
Parker, S.T., etal. The Mentalities of Gorillas and Orangutans. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Pinker, S. How the Mind Works. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1997.
-. The Language Instinct. New York: Harper Perennial, 1994.
Pollard, T.D., and Earnshaw, W.C. Cell Biology. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 2002.
Portmann, A. A Zoologist Looks at Humankind. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.
Pruetz,J.D., and Bertolani, P. Savanna chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes verus, hunt with tools. Current Biology 17 (2007): 412-417. This is the first account of chimpanzees making and using wooden spears. They also used them to hunt other primates.
Rak, Y. The Australopithecine Face. New York: Academic Press, 1983.
Reader,J. Missing Links. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1981. Tales ofsome of the biggest controversies throughout the course of paleoanthropological science.
Rightmire, G.P. The Evolution of Homo erectus: Comparative Anatomical Studies of an Extinct Human Species. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Rosas, A., et al. Paleobiology and comparative morphology of a late Neanderthal sample from El Sidron, Asturias, Spain. PNAS 103(51) (2006): 19266-19271.
Rowe, N. The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Charlestown, Rhode Island: Pago-nias Press, 1996. The absolute best resource on living primates.
Schick, K. D., and Toth, N. Making Silent Stones Speak: Human Evolution and the Dawn of Technology. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. Includes accounts of apes trained to use and make tools.
Schwartz, J. H. and Tattersall, I. The Human Fossil Record. New York: Wiley-Liss, 20022005. Four volumes cataloging most of the fossil record for human evolution with photos and descriptions.
Shipman, P. The Man Who Found the Missing Link. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001. A historical account brought to life of Eugene Dubois and his quest for fossil ape-men.
Sponheimer, M., et al. Isotopic evidence for dietary variability in the early hominin Paranthropus robustus. Science 314(5801) (2006): 980-982. Just one publication from the leading scientist in fossil hominin isotopic analysis.
Stanford, C., et al. Biological Anthropology: A Natural History of Humankind. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2006. A thorough, easy-to-read, and up-to-date textbook.
Stanford, C., and Bunn, H.T. Meat Eating and Human Evolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
Stauffer, R., etal. Human and ape molecular clocks and constraints on paleontolog-ical hypotheses. Journal of Heredity 92 (2001): 469-474.
Strier, K.B. Primate Behavioral Ecology, 3rd ed. Boston, MA: Pearson, 2007.
Stringer, C., and Andrews, P. The Complete World of Human Evolution. London: Thames & Hudson, 2005. An encyclopedia of human evolution boasting 180 color illustrations.
Tattersall, I. Becoming Human: Evolution and Human Uniqueness. San Diego, CA: Har-court Brace & Company, 1998.
Tishkoff, S., etal. Convergent adaptation of human lactase persistence in Africa and Europe. Nature Genetics 39(1) (2007): 31-40.
Trinkaus, E., and Shipman, P. The Neandertals. New York: Knopf, 1993.
Trivers, R.L. The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Quarterly Review of Biology. 46 (1971): 35-57.
Ungar, P. Evolution of the Human Diet: The Known, the Unknown, and the Unknowable. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.
van Dam, J.A., et al. Long-period astronomical forcing of mammal turnover. Nature 443(2006): 687-691. All about mammalian extinction cycles.
Voight, B.F., et al. A map of recent positive selection in the human genome. PLoS Btology 4(3) (2006): e72.
Walker, A., and Leakey, R.E.F. TheNariokotome Homo erectus Skeleton. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993. A scientific monograph by a large collaborative team that performed in-depth research on one of the most complete and well-preserved hominin fossils on record.
Walker, A., and Shipman, P. The Ape in the Tree. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2005. The story of the discovery and analysis of several Proconsul fossils on Rusinga Island, Kenya.
Walker, A., and Shipman, P. The Wisdom of the Bones. New York: Vintage, 1996. The story of the discovery and analysis of the Nariokotome Homo erectus skeleton.
Weiner, J.S. The Piltdown Forgery: Fiftieth Anniversary Edition, with a new introduction and afterword by Chris Stringer. London: Oxford University Press, 2003.
White, T.D. Human Osteology, 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2000. The ultimate source for bony human anatomy.
Willis, D. The Hominid Gang. New York: Viking, 1989.
Wolpoff, M. Paleoanthropology, 2nd ed. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill, 1999. Synthesizes detailed information, particularly anatomical evidence, regarding human evolution.
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Wood, J.W., et al. The Evolution of Menopause by Antagonistic Pleiotropy. Working Paper 01-04. Center for Studies in Demography & Ecology, University of Washington, 2001.
Worm, B., etal. Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science 314 (2006): 787-790. A warning that the animals that make up the seafood in our diets are on the verge of collapse.
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