Figure

Within this same panel III, we discovered a medium-sized depiction that we have identified as a bison (but see Yalden, this volume) facing right, that is, towards the interior of the cave; it is 34.5 cm long by 16 cm wide, with an orientation of 15° relative to absolute north and and a positive inclination of 4° west (Pl. 4 and Fig. 2.4). The groove is totally patinated, and U-shaped in section, with a width of 3 mm and a depth of less than 1 mm.

It should be stressed again here that it was the installation of scaVolding in the cave which facilitated our access to the higher part of the walls. This bison figure is located in a zone which was simply not accessible from the rock surface during our first visit. The front part of the figure stands out clearly, with a robust, subquadrangular head, inside which one can see the 'Creswell eye', and in the upper part one can easily make out the ear and the curved horn pointing forwards. The inner part of the forequarters contains an oval outline whose function remained unknown until we could see from parallels in other caves, and from ancient illustrations, that this is a method of depicting the thick coat that covers the front part of bison.

The cervico-dorsal line can also be seen clearly, beginning at the double-lined mane, which recalls those depicted on bison at Altamira or Venta de la Perra in Spain. The back forms an angle that descends as far as the rump, where there is an oval with some vertical lines whose meaning escapes us. In the middle part of this line, on the exterior part, there is another individualized groove which may constitute a rectification. The tail and ventral line are much clearer. The extremities have disappeared, possibly through the rubbing which this rock underwent for many years, as visitors penetrated into the narrowest part of the cave; the rock must also have been rubbed by the cattle which were sometimes kept in the cave in the nineteenth century. However, one can make out the slightly curved belly in the front part, and the beginning of the hind leg.

At the bottom of this panel can be seen a series of much broader and deeper incisions which are grouped in three series, the first of three and the second of nine grooves of distinct morphology and, finally, further to the right, three more incised lines. The length of these marks varies from 3.8 to 6.1 cm, and their width from 3 to 8 mm; they are U-shaped in cross-section, and are 3 to 4 mm deep.

Panel IV

This panel is located on the cave's ceiling, at 3.97 m above the present floor and practically opposite panel III, that is, about 12 metres from the entrance. The three figures provisionally identified here seem to correspond to a bird, a bison and a headless horse. However, a more detailed examination will doubtless reveal further images.

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