The Amphioxus Song

A fish-like thing appeared among the annelids one day. It hadn't any parapods nor setae to display. It hadn't any eyes nor jaws, nor ventral nervous cord, But it had a lot of gill slits and it had a notochord. It's a long way from Amphioxus. It's a long way to us. It's a long way from Amphioxus to the meanest human cuss. Well, it's goodbye to fins and gill slits, and it's welcome lungs and hair It's a long, long way from Amphioxus, but we all came from there. It wasn't much to look at and it...

Geocentrism

Geocentrists accept that Earth is a sphere but deny that the sun is the center of the solar system. Like flat earthers, they reject virtually all of modern physics and astronomy as well as biology. Geocentrism is a somewhat larger, though still insignificant, component of modern antievolutionism. At the Bible-Science Association creation-ism conference in 1985, the plenary session debate was between two geocentrists and two heliocentrists Bible-Science Association 1985 . Similarly, as recently...

The Pillars of Creationism

This book examines the creationism evolution controversy from a broad perspective. You will read about science, religion, education, law, history, and even some current events, because all of these topics are relevant to an understanding of this controversy. In this introduction, I will examine three antievolutionist contentions that provide a framework for thinking about this complex controversy. These pillars of creationism include scientific, religious, and educational arguments,...

Equal Time for Creation and Evolution

By the early 1960s, evolution was returning to science textbooks and classrooms after largely having been absent since the 1930s. It is not coincidental that Whitcomb and Morris's The Genesis Flood was published in 1961 and that the ICR was founded a few years later the increased exposure of public school students to evolution was a cause for alarm among conservative Christians. In Arizona, opposition to the use of BSCS books in the Phoenix school district stimulated state...

Materialist Evolutionism

Before discussing materialist evolutionism, I need to distinguish between two uses of the term materialism or naturalism . As I mentioned in chapter 1, modern science operates under a rule of methodological naturalism that limits it to attempting to explain natural phenomena using natural causes. Philosophical materialists sometimes The Relationship between Methodological and Philosophical Naturalism. All philosophical naturalists are methodological naturalists, but it is not accurate to say...

Indirect Experimentation

In some fields, not only is it impossible to directly control variables but also the phenomena themselves may not be directly observable. A research design known as indirect experimentation is often used in such fields. Explanations can be tested even if the phenomena being studied are too far away, too small, or too far back in time to be observed directly. For example, giant planets recently have been discovered orbiting distant stars though we cannot directly observe them. Their presence is...