Bryne, Katharine, and Richard A. Nichols. 1999. Culex pipiens in London underground tunnels:
Differentiation between surface and subterranean populations. Heredity 82: 7-15. Deamer, David, Jason P. Dworkin, Scott A. Sandford, Max P. Bernstein, Louis J. Allamandola.
2002. The first cell membranes. Astrobiology 2(4): 371-381. Dennett, Daniel C. 1995. Darwin's dangerous idea. New York: Simon and Schuster. Dobzhansky, Theodosius. 1973. Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution.
American Biology Teacher 25: 125-129. Dobzhansky, Theodosius, and O. Pavlovsky. 1971. Experimentally caused incipient species of
Drosophila. Nature 230: 289-292. Felton, Michael J. 2000. Survival of the fittest in drug design. Drug 3(9): 49-50, 53-54. Goldschmidt, Tijs. 1996. Darwin's dreampond: Drama in Lake Victoria, trans. S. MarxMacDonald. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Gould, Stephen Jay. 1980a. Double trouble. In The panda's thumb: More reflections on natural history. New York: Norton. Gould, Stephen Jay. 1980b. The panda's thumb. In The panda's thumb: More reflections on natural history. New York: Norton. Gould, Stephen Jay. 1987. Time's arrow, time's cycle: Myth and metaphor in the discovery of geological time. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Hazen, Robert M., Timothy R. Filley, and Glenn A. Goodfriend. 2001. Selective adsorption of L- and D-amino acids on calcite: Implications for biochemical homochirality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98(10): 5487-5490. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1888. On the reception of the "Origin of Species." In The life and letters of Charles Darwin, ed. F. Darwin. London: Thomas Murray. Joyce, Gerald F. 1991. The rise and fall of the RNA world. The New Biologist 3: 399-407. Lewis, Ricki. 1997. Scientists debate RNA's role at beginning of life on Earth. The Scientist 11(7): 11.
Margulis, Lynn. 1993. Symbiosis in cell evolution, 2nd ed. New York: Freeman.
Miller, Stanley L. 1992. The prebiotic synthesis of organic compounds as a step towards the origin of life. In Major events in the history of life, ed. W. J. Schopf, 1-28. Boston: Jones and Bartlett.
Monod, Jacques. 1971. Chance and necessity. New York: Knopf.
Nelson, Kevin E., Matthew Levy, and Stanley L. Miller. 2000. Peptide nucleic acids rather than RNA may have been the first genetic molecule. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97(8): 3868-3871.
Richardson, John B. 1992. origin and evolution of the earliest land plants. in Major events in the history of life, ed. J. W. Schopf, 95-118. Boston: Jones and Bartlett.
Rode, Bernd Michael. 1999. Peptides and the origin of life. Peptides 20: 773-786.
Schopf, J. William, ed. 1992. Major events in the history of life. Boston: Jones and Bartlett.
Shapiro, Robert. 2007. A simpler origin for life. Scientific American 296: 46-53.
This page intentionally left blank
Was this article helpful?