Ways Of Knowing

Science requires the testing of explanations of the natural world against nature itself and the discarding of those explanations that do not work. What distinguishes science from other ways of knowing is its reliance upon the natural world as the arbiter of truth. There are many things that people are interested in, are concerned about, or want to know about that science does not address. Whether the music of Madonna or Mozart is superior may be of interest (especially to parents of teenagers), but it is not something that science addresses. Aesthetics is clearly something outside of science. Similarly, literature or music might generate or help to understand or cope with emotions and feelings in a way that science is not equipped to do. But if one wishes to know about the natural world and how it works, science is superior to other ways of knowing. Let's consider some other ways of knowing about the natural world.

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