Age at Time of Death

There are several markers that help determine age at the time of death. If the individual is less than 22 years of age, tooth eruption patterns and fusing patterns of long-bone epiphy-ses can readily estimate the age at the time of death. These features are demonstrated well with the radiograph. The VE can look at and document age at time of death criteria and add to the radiographic data. The teeth and their eruption pattern can be seen as well as the fusing pattern of the palatine sutures. Endocranial suture fusing patterns can also be visualized. Visualization of the segmented sternum can assist with aging the very young, whereas wear patterns on such structures as the auricular surface and the symphysis pubis can also be useful in estimating the age at time of death (Beckett et al. 1999a; Dulcos et al. 2000). Figure 4.26 presents several images of endoscopic views of anatomical features used as aging criteria.

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