L

lac. see Linear attenuation coefficient (lac) Laparoscopic biopsy approach, 202 Laparoscopic biopsy technique, 218 Lateral chest radiograph, 131 radiopaque structures, 65 tracheal rings, 86 Lateral conventional radiograph, 281 Lateral image of heart shadow, 135 Lateral knee projection, 149 Lateral pelvis projection, 94 Lateral Polaroid skull, 97 Lateral projection cassette support system, 82 Lateral radiograph cerebral ventricles, 125 coaxial needle, 110 dentures, 289

James Penn, 282 Mutter Giant, 85 sunglasses, 289 tupus, 98 Lateral skull

Fuji industrial CR system, 168 midsagittal line, 60 mummy, 100 projection, 137, 141 Lateral skull radiograph, 26, 132 Ilford photographic paper, 55, 56 mummy, 24-25, 82, 96, 98, 269 Polaroid cassette, 54 Lateral sternum Polaroid image, 134 LED. see Light emitting diode (LED) light sources Left abdominal region, 104 Left orbit medial, 151 Left orbit superior wall, 151 Leonard, Charles, 22 Light emitting diode (LED) light sources battery powered "quick look" systems, 200 industrial endoscope, 193 Light reflectance experimentation, 248 Light source for fiber optics physics, 197 Light-tight film changing room, 45 Light-trap door, 46

Linear attenuation coefficient (lac), 127 Linear tomography x-ray tube, 124 Liver aspirate, 157, 158 infrared results, 157, 158 radiopaque object, 77 Location risk assessment (LRA) document, 350

Lombardo, Robert, 166

Longitudinal magnetization, 172

LRA. see Location risk assessment (LRA)

document Luang Pho Dang Piyasilo, 290 Lugini, Giovanni, 317 Lumbar spine lateral radiograph, 275 SI projection, 68 Lung radiograph, 106

Macrophotographic documentation, 15 Macrophotography, 14 Magnetic field, 168

measurement, 169 Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), xii, 167, 168-181 fat deposition, 184 James Penn, 180

mummified remains case examples, 175-184 paleoimagers, 238

radiographic exposure recommendations and application, 243 Sabia, 176-179

scanner automatic pretuning software packages, 177

Sylvester, 181-183 Magnetism laws, 168 Mandible lateral image, 89 Mandible oblique projection, 99 Maori technique, 312 Maxillary bone decay, 270

MDCT. see Multidetector computed tomography

(MDCT) Medical endoscopes development, 189 diameter variations, 191 image capture system, 190 Medical fiberoptic instruments, 304 Medical imaging film, 33

magnetic field measurement, 169 Meningeal grooves, 214 Merging multiple images, 81 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

(MRSA), 348 Methods and procedures, xiii Meyer, Edward, 330 Miniaturized video camera, 190 Mobile computed tomography scanners, 159 Molar bone decay, 270

MRI. see Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) MRSA. see Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT), xii advanced imaging, 242 paleoimaging, 131-157

radiographic exposure recommendations and application, 242 scanner, 283 Multimodal imaging, ix-x, xi anthropology and archaeology, 1 definition, xii terminology, 1 Multimodality, ix-x Mummification methods, 224

cultural practices, 117 Mummification techniques, 246 Mummified canine, 216 Mummified liver, 153 Mummified remains diseases, 212 image, 180 MRI, 175, 184

paleoimaging field research, 345 photograph, 182 sunglasses, 289

Mummy. see also specific titles age determination, 219 Andy the Blockhead, 287 annular CCM, 113, 115 AP chest radiograph, 92 AP pelvis image, 93, 101 AP radiographs, 57, 118, 328 artifacts, 105, 266 autopsy, 145

bilateral calcified arteries, 103

bladder stone, 102

browridge image, 96

bundles, 7, 89

cardboard tunnel, 70

case examples, 176-179

chemical analysis, 219

chest radiograph, 100

composite radiograph, 333

conventional radiography, 21

dental status, 94

3D reconstruction, 142-143

endoscopic examination recording form, 369-372

esophagus, 179

film preparation, 42

greater sciatic notch, 95

infant, 40, 41

lateral projection, 38

lateral radiographs, 328

lateral skull projection, 100

lateral skull radiograph, 24-25, 82, 269

lateral skull radiographs, 98

linear pressure lines, 251

mandible oblique projection, 99

merging multiple images, 81

microenvironment, 349

MRI, 182

Nelson Supply House, 325

oblique projection, 59

oropharynx, 179

paleopathological data, 105

photographic documentation, 7, 272

Polaroid image, 43

radiograph, 258, 272, 327

radiographic examination recording form,

365-368 radiograph setup, 86 renal stone, 104

right hip congenital dislocation, 102 rolled shell necklace image, 271 saline bag placement, 181 sex confirmation, 142-143 sex determination, 92 skull lateral projection, 42 3D reconstruction, 153 x-ray tube, 39 Mummy Road Show, 327 Mutter Giant, 84, 85

Index N

Nasal cavity, 288

National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP), 360

Natural disasters, 340

NCRP. see National Council on Radiation

Protection (NCRP) NDT. see Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) Nelson Supply House, 325 Net magnetic vector (NMV), 171 New Kingdom period Egyptian mummy experiment, 224 NMR. see Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) NMV. see Net magnetic vector (NMV) Nobleman and Saint Philomena, 285-286 Nobleman from Popoli, 286 Nonconventional radiographic film recording media, 51

Nondestructive multimodal paleoimaging techniques, 116 Non-Destructive Testing (NDT), 323 Nondiagnostic images, 143 Non-gravity-dependent percutaneous needle aspiration biopsy, 156, 158 Nonscreened Foamcore film holder, 83 Nonscreen film holder, 41 Nonscreen image, 41 Nonscreen Polaroid image, 88 Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), 167

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