Sampling Artifact Retrieval

Artifact location is often accomplished with x-ray; however, artifact identification often requires the VE for accurate analysis. Once located and identified, it can be retrieved if the research goals call for it. Often, as a project begins, it is difficult to anticipate the location or presence of any artifacts. However, once they are exposed, decisions must be made to analyze and possibly conserve the object. If conservation is the goal, then retrieval should be attempted. Great care must be taken to extract the object with minimal damage to both the artifact and the mummified remains. Several retrieval tools work well for artifact removal, and each retrieval calls for creative application and tool selection. Section III of this text discusses endoscopy applications in artifact analysis and retrieval in greater detail.

Figure 4.36 Videoendoscopic view of a dart within the tissue matrix of the shoulder region.

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