Perhaps the greatest disadvantage of endoscopic application in anthropological settings is the need for a route of entry into the object, mummy wrapping, or mummy body cavity. Additionally, once the endoscope is inside, there needs to be space to allow it to be maneuvered within the target cavity. Much of the data collected via endoscopy is visually descriptive, leaving room for inadvertent misinterpretation. Use of endoscopic instrumentation is an invasive procedure, which can carry the additional risk of contamination, particularly if tissue sampling is being conducted. If sampling is the objective of the particular procedural application, the procedure becomes destructive. In this case, careful protocols and documentation procedures, including route of entry, sample characteristics, and sample site, must be adhered to.
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