Contents

Preface xiii

Acknowledgments xv

Introduction xvii

1 Fewer Than 100 Years Ago 1

Golden Toad 1

Gastric-Brooding Frog 3

Eskimo Curlew 6

Caribbean Monk Seal 8

Thylacine 11

Carolina Parakeet 13

Passenger Pigeon 16

2 Fewer Than 200 Years Ago 21

Rocky Mountain Locust 21

Pig-Footed Bandicoot 23

Quelili 26

Stephens Island Wren 28

Tarpan 31

Quagga 33

Warrah 36

Great Auk 38

3 Fewer Than 500 Years Ago 43

Elephant Bird 43

Steller's Sea Cow 45

Dodo 48

Aurochs 50

Moa 52

Haast's Eagle 55

Marcano's Solenodon 58

4 Fewer Than 10,000 Years Ago 63

Moa-Nalo 63

Du 65

Horned Turtle 68

Giant Lemur 71

Woolly Mammoth 73

Sivathere 76

Giant Deer 79

Giant Ground Sloth 81

Cuban Giant Owl 83

5 10,000-12,500 Years Ago 89

Glyptodont 89

Saber Tooth Cat 91

Scimitar Cat 94

American Mastodon 97

Giant Beaver 99

American Cheetah 101

American Lion 104

Woolly Rhinoceros 106

Litoptern 108

Dire Wolf 111

Cave Bear 113

Sicilian Dwarf Elephant 116

Merriam's Teratorn 119

6 More Than 12,500 Years Ago 125

Giant Short-Faced Bear 125

Flores Human 127

Giant Bison 131

Homo erectus 134

Neanderthal 137

Marsupial Lion 139

Diprotodon 142

Australian Thunderbird 145

Giant Monitor Lizard 148

Quinkana 150

Giant Short-Faced Kangaroo 153

Giant Echidna 156

Wonambi 158

7 More Than 50,000 Years Ago 163

Giant Rhinoceros 163

Megatooth Shark 165

Magnificent Teratorn 168

Pouch-Knife 171

Terror Bird 174

Giant Hyena 176

Giant Ape 179

Giant Camel 181

Glossary 185

Selected Bibliography 191

Selected Museums in the United States, Canada, and Worldwide 193

Index 197

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