Colour Sections

page 1: The Earthly Paradise by Jan Brueghel the Elder, 1607-8, Louvre, Paris: Lauros/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library.

pages 2-3: (a) Wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea), sea cliffs, Dorset: © Martin Fowler/Alamy; (b) vegetable spiral: Tom Poland; (c) Bernard Lavery, holder of 14 world records, with one of his giant cabbages in Spalding, Lincs., 1993: Chris Steele-Perkins/Magnum Photos; (d) sunflowers, Great Sand Dunes National Monument, Colorado: © Chris Howes/Wild Places Photography/Alamy; (e) sunflower field, Hokkaido: Mitsushi Okada/Getty Images; (f) Astucieux du Moulin de Rance, a British Belgian Blue bull, presented by B. E. Newton: Yann Arthus-Bertrand/CORBIS; (g) Kathy Knott, the winner in a posing routine at the 1996 British Bodybuilding Championships: © Barry Lewis/Corbis; (h) Chihuahua and Great Dane: © moodboard/alamy.

pages 4-5: (background) summer meadow, Norfolk: © G&M Garden Images/Alamy; (a) comet orchid (Angraecum sesquipedale), Perinet National Park, Madagascar: Pete Oxford/Nature Picture Library and Xanthopan morganipraedicta: © the Natural History Museum/Alamy; (b) bucket orchid (Coryanthes speciosa): © Custom Life Science Images/Alamy; (c) bee emerging from a bucket orchid: photolibrary/ Oxford Scientific Films; (d) Andean Emerald hummingbird (Amazillia franciae), Mindo, Ecuador: Rolf Nussbaumer/Nature Picture Library; (e) South African sunbird, Cape Town, South Africa: © Nic Bothma/epa/Corbis; (f) Hummingbird Hawk-moth (Macroglossum stellatarum), Switzerland: Rolf Nussbaumer/Nature Picture Library; (g) hammer orchid and wasp, Western Australia: Babs and Bert Wells/Oxford Scientific Films/photolibrary; (h) Ophrys holosericea orchid attracting male buff-tailed bumble bee: blickwinkel/Alamy; (i, j) evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) in normal and ultraviolet light: both Bjorn Rorslett/Science Photo Library; (k) spider orchid (Brassia rex), Papua New Guinea: © Doug Steeley /Alamy pages 6-7: (a) Pair of pheasants (Phasianus colchius): Richard Packwood/Oxford Scientific Films/ photolibrary; (b) guppies: Maximillian Winzieri/Alamy; (c) Malaysian orchid mantis (Hymenopus coronatus), Malaysia: Thomas Minden/Minden Pictures/National Geographic Stock; (d) leaf mantis nymph, Amazon rainforest, Ecuador: © Michael & Patricia Fogen/Corbis; (e) satanic leaf-tailed gecko: © Jim Zuckerman/Corbis; (f) caterpillar mimicking snake, rainforest, Costa Rica.

page 8: Gorilla experiment: Simons, D. J., & Chabris, C. F. (1999). Gorillas in our midst: Sustained inattentional blindness for dynamic events. Perception, 28, 1059-1074. Crocoduck tie: courtesy of Josh Timonen. Caddis fly: photo courtesy of Graham Owen.

page 9: Darwinius masillae: © Atlantic Productions Ltd/photo Sam Peach.

pages 10-11: (a) Devonian scene by Karen Carr: © Field Museum; (b) Tiktaalik fossil: © Ted Daeschler/ Academy of Natural Sciences/VIREO; (c) Tiktaalik model and photo: copyright Tyler Keillor; (d) manatee and calves, ZooParc, Saint-Aignan, 2003: AFP/ Getty Images; (e) dugong at Sydney Aquarium, 2008: AFP/Getty Images; (f) Odontochelys : Marlene Donnelly/courtesy of The Field Museum.

pages 12-13: (a, b) the enzyme hexokinase closes round a glucose molecule: courtesy Thomas A. Steitz. (c) Cutaway artwork of an animal cell: Russell Knightley/Science Photo Library.

pages 14-15: (a) Fertilized human egg cell and (b) two-cell human embryo at 30 hours: both Edelmann/ Science Photo Library; (c) eight-cell human embryo at 3 days and (d) sixteen-cell human embryo at 4 days: both Dr Yorgos Nikas/Science Photo Library; (e) embryo at 10 days inside the womb, just implanted in the uterine lining; (f) at 22 days, the embryo has a curved backbone and the neural tube is open at both ends; (g) at 24 days, the embryo is firmly implanted in the uterine wall, the heart extends almost up to the head and the placenta links it to the uterus, and (h) at 25 days: all photo Lennart Nilsson © Lennart Nilsson; embryo (i) at 5-6 weeks; (j) at 7 weeks: both Edelmann/Science Photo Library; (k) foetus at 17 weeks, (l) at 22 weeks: both Oxford Scientific Films/ photolibrary; (m) newborn baby: Getty Images/Steve Satushek.

page 16: Starling sequence: [email protected].

page 17: San Andreas Fault in the Carrizzo Plain, Central California: © Kevin Schafer/Alamy.

pages 18-19: (a) Diagram showing the age of the oceanic lithosphere, data source: R. D. Muller, M. Sdrolias, C. Gaina and W. R. Roest, 'Age spreading rates and spreading symmetry of the world's ocean crust', Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 9.Q04006. doi:10.1029/2007/GC001743. Image created by Elliot Lim, CIRES & NOAA/NGDC, Marine Geology and Geophysics Division. Data & images available from; (b) artwork showing the process of sea floor spreading: Gary Hincks/ Science Photo Library; (c) artwork showing convection currents: © Tom Coulson/Dorling Kindersley.

pages 20-1: (a) Caldera of a volcano, Fernandina Island, Galapagos: Patrick Morris/Nature Picture Library; (b) Galapagos Islands from space: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC; (c), (d), (f), (g) Diving pelican, Seymour Island; swimming marine iguana Fernandina Island; Galapagos tortoise, Santa Cruz; and pelican, penguin and Sally Lightfoot crabs, Santiago Island: all © Josie Cameron Ashcroft; (e) Espanola saddleback tortoise (Geochelone elephantopus hoodensis), Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos: Mark Jones/Oxford Scientific/photolibrary.

pages 22-3: (a) Eastern Grey kangaroo (Macropus giganteus), Murramarang National Park, New South Wales: Jean Paul Ferrero/Ardea; (b) open eucalyptus woodland, near Norseman, Western Australia: Brian Rogers/Natural Visions; (c) koala and joey: photo courtesy Wendy Blanshard/Lone Pine Koala Sanctuary; (d) duck-billed platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), swimming underwater; (e) ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), Berenty Reserve, Southern Madagascar: Hermann Brehm/Nature Picture Library; (f) baobab tree, (Adansonia grandidieri), Western Madagascar: Nick Garbutt/Nature Picture Library; (g) Verreaux's sifaka lemur (Propithecus verreauxi), Berenty Reserve, Southern Madagascar: (left) Kevin Schafer/Alamy; (middle) © Kevin Schafer/Corbis; (right) Heather Angel/Natural Visions.

page 24: Blue-footed booby (Sula nebouxii): (main picture) © Michael DeFreitas South America/ Alamy; (top to bottom) © Westend 61/Alamy; © Fred Lord/Alamy; F1Online/photolibrary; (bottom two) Nick Garbutt/Photoshot.

page 25: Clare D'Alberto: © David Paul / dpimages 2009.

pages 26-7: (a) spider monkey, Belize, Central America: Cubolimages srl/Alamy; (b) male flying lemur, Borneo: Tim Laman/National Geographic Stock; (c) Egyptian fruit bat: © Tim Flach.

pages 28-9: (a) Ostrich (Struthhio camelus), running: © Juniors Bildarchiv/Alamy; (b) flightless cormorant (Nannopterum harrisi), Punta Espinosa, Fernandina, Galapagos: © Peter Nicholson/Alamy; (c) flightless cormorant (Nannopterum harrisi), diving, Fernandina, Galapagos: Pete Oxford/Nature Picture Library; (d) kakapo (Strigops harboptilus), New Zealand; (e) harvester ant removes her wings before giving birth, artwork by John Dawson: National Geographic/Getty Images; (f) cave salamander (Proteus anguinus): Francesco Tomasinelli/ Natural Visions; (g) short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis), Gulf of California, Mexico pages 30-1: (a) European cuckoo ejecting host shrike (Lanius senator) egg from nest, Spain: © Nature Picture Library/Alamy; (b) lioness (Panthera leo), hunting young kudu, Etosha National Park, Namibia: © Martin Harvey/Alamy: (c) Large White (Pieris brassicae) caterpillar with larvae of parasitoid wasp (Cotesia glomerata) leaving to pupate: © WILDLIFE GmbH/Alamy; (d) canopy of Kapur trees, Selangor, Malaysia: © Hans Strand page 32: (a) Amazon estuary, aerial view: © Stock Connection Distribution/Alamy; (b) wild garlic (Allium ursinum), Cornwall: © Tom Joslyn/Alamy; (c) hills and pastureland, Morgan Territory, California: © Brad Perks Lightscapes/Alamy; (d) moss (Hookeria luscens), leaf cells, a polarised light micrograph, showing two whole cells containing chloroplasts: Dr Keith Wheeler/Science Photo Library.

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