Appendix

Table A.1 Temporal distribution of avian taxa in the Paleogene of Europe. Only taxa from strati-graphically dated localities, which are known from diagnostic parts of the skeleton, are listed. The sequence is as in the text and the numbers refer to the sections in which the taxa are discussed; extinct taxa are marked by a dagger. The shaded fields do not indicate an exact stratigraphic range but the mere presence of a taxon within a given temporal interval. Light grey fields have been extrapolated for hiatuses in the fossil record, or if taxa have a Neogene or extant fossil record in Europe. See the taxonomic sections for further information

Paleocene

Eocene

Oligocene

Early

Middle

Late

Early

Late

5.1 fLithornithidae

?

5.2.1 fPalaeotididae

5.2.2 fRemiornithidae

6.1.1 fGallinuloididae

6.1.2 fParaortygidae

6.1.4 fQuercymegapodiidae

6.1.6 Phasianidae

6.2 fGastornithidae

6.4.2 Anseranatidae

?

?

6.4.4 Anatidae

6.5 fPelagornithidae

7.1.3 Sulidae

?

?

7.1.4 Phalacrocoracidae

7.4 Gaviiformes

7.5 Procellariiformes

7.7 Ardeidae

7.9 Threskiornithidae

7.11 fProphaethontidae

8.1 Lari

8.3. Scolopaci

Paleocene

Eocene

Oligocene

early

middle

late

early

late

9.1 tMesselornithidae

?

9.1 tWalbeckornis

9.2 Rallidae

9.3.1 tParvigruidae

9.3.4 Gruidae

10 Phoenicopteriformes

?

11.1 Pteroclidae

11.5 tEocuculus

11.6 tPumiliornis

11.7 tParvicuculidae

12.1 tFluvioviridavidae

12.1 t Palaeopsittacus

12.4 t Protocypselomorphus

12.5 tArchaeotrogonidae

12.6.2 Caprimulgidae

?

12.7.1 tEocypselidae

12.7.2 tAegialornithidae

?

12.7.3 Apodidae

12.7.4 Trochilidae

13.2 tIdiornithidae

13.2 tElaphrocnemus

13.4 tAmeghinornithidae

13.5 tSalmilidae

13.6 tGradiornis

14.3 Cathartidae

?

?

14.4 tHorusornithidae

14.5.2 Pandionidae

14.5.2 Accipitridae 15.1 tBerruornis

15.2 tProtostrigidae

15.4 tPalaeoglaucidae 15.4 tNecrobyinae

16.1 Leptosomidae

16.2.1 tSandcoleidae

16.2.2 Coliidae

16.3.2 tQuercypsittidae

16.3.3 tHalcyornithidae

16.3.4 tMesselasturidae

16.4.1 tZygodactylidae

16.4.2 Passeriformes

16.5 Trogoniformes

16.6 Upupiformes 16.7.1 tPrimobucconidae

16.7.2 tEocoraciidae

16.7.2 tGeranopteridae

16.8 t Quasisyndactylus

16.8 Todidae

16.9.1 tSylphornithidae

16.9.2 Pici

16.10 tGracilitarsidae

Table A.2 Temporal distribution of avian taxa in the Paleogene of North America (see Table A.1 for further details)

Paleocene

Eocene

Oligo

cene

5.1 tLithornithidae

Early

Middle

Late

Early

Late

6.1.1 tGallinuloididae

6.1.3 tProcrax

6.2 tGastornithidae

6.4.2 Anseranatidae

?

6.4.3 tPresbyornithidae

6.5 tPelagornithidae

7.1.2 Fregatidae 7.2 tPlotopteridae

7.4 Gaviiformes

?

7.5 Procellariiformes

?

7.11 tProphaethontidae

8.2 Scolopaci

Paleocene

Eocene

Oligo

cene

9.1 tMesselornithidae

Early

Middle

Late

Early

Late

9.3.2 tGeranoididae

9.3.4 Aramidae

?

10 Phoenicopteriformes

?

11.3 tForatidae

11.5 tEocuculus

11.7 tParvicuculidae

?

12.1 tFluvioviridavidae

12.2 Steatornithidae

12.6.2 Caprimulgidae

?

12.7 Apodiformes

13.3 tBathornithidae

?

14.4 tHorusornithidae

14.5.2 Accipitridae

15.2 tProtostrigidae

15.3 tOgygoptyngidae

16.1 Leptosomidae

16.2.1 tSandcoleidae

16.2.2 Coliidae

16.3.3 tHalcyornithidae

16.3.4 tMesselasturidae

16.4.1 tZygodactylidae

16.5 Trogoniformes

?

16.7.1 tPrimobucconidae

16.8 Todidae

16.9 tNeanis

Table A.3 Temporal distribution of avian taxa in the Paleogene of Asia (see Table A. 1 for further details)

Paleocene

Eocene

Olig

ocene

6.1 Galliformes

Early

Middle

Late

Early

Late

6.2 fGastornithidae

6.5 fPelagornithidae

7.1.1 fProtoplotidae

?

7.1.4 Phalacrocoracidae

7.2 fPlotopteridae

?

7.10 Ciconiidae

?

7.11 fProphaethontidae

9.2 Rallidae

9.3.3 fEogruidae 10 Phoenicopteriformes

?

14.5.2 Accipitridae

?

?

16.3.2 fQuercypsittidae

Table A.4 Temporal distribution of avian taxa in the Paleogene of South America and Central America (see Table A.1 for further details)

Paleocene

Eocene

Oligocene

Early

Middle

Late

Early

Late

5.4 Rheidae

6.1.4 fQuercymegapodiidae

6.4.1 Anhimidae

6.4.3 fPresbyornithidae

6.4.5 ?Anatidae

?

6.5 fPelagornithidae

7.3 Sphenisciformes

10 Phoenicopteriformes

13.1 fPhorusrhacidae

14.3 Cathartidae

14.3 fTeratornithidae

14.5.2 Accipitridae 16.10 fEutreptodactylus

16.11 fCladornithidae

Table A.5 Temporal distribution of avian taxa in the Paleogene of Africa (see Table A.1 for further details)

Paleocene

Eocecne

Oligoi

;ene

5.3 fEremopezidae

Early

Middle

Late

Early

Late

6.5 fPelagornithidae

7.1.4 Phalacrocoracidae

7.6 Balaenicipitidae

7.7 Ardeidae

7.8 fXenerodiopidae

7.10 Ciconiidae

7.11 fProphaethontidae

8.3 Jacanidae

9.2 Rallidae

9.3.4 Gruidae

10 Phoenicopteriformes

11.4 Musophagiformes

14.5.2 Pandionidae

14.5.2 Accipitridae

Table A.6 Temporal distribution of avian taxa in the Paleogene of Australia (see Table A.1 for further details)

Paleocene

Eocene

Oligc

cene

5.5 Casuariidae

Early

Middle

Late

Early

Late

6.1.5 Megapodiidae

6.3 fDromornithidae

?

6.4.5 Anatidae

7.3 Sphenisciformes

7.10 Ciconiidae

8.1.2 Burhinidae

9.2 Rallidae

10 fPalaelodidae

10 Phoenicopteridae

11.1 Columbidae

12./.3 Apodidae 14.5.2 Accipitridae

16.4.2 Passeriformes

?

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