Adaptive radiation: evolutionary response to large-scale environmental change. This results in the formation of new ecological niches that can be occupied through the adaptation of previous generalists. Amber: fossilized tree resin. Benthic: living on or in the sea floor. Biostratigraphy: stratigraphy based on fossil content. Biozone: layer of rock characterized by fossil content. Chlorophyll: green pigment found in plants. Chronostratigraphy: stratigraphy based on geological time. Cyanobacteria: microorganisms with chlorophyll that produce oxygen on photosynthesis.

Diagenesis: physical and chemical processes that operate on sediments after burial.

Exoskeleton: external skeleton of an animal.

Golden spike: physical point in a section equivalent to an instant in geological time marking the base of a stratigraphic unit.

Infaunal: living within the sediment.

Konservat-Lagerstätten: deposits containing exceptionally preserved fossils.

Konzentrat-Lagerstätten: deposits containing numerous fossils. Lagerstätten: deposits containing numerous and/or exceptionally preserved fossils.

Lithostratigraphy: stratigraphy based on rock characteristics. Pelagic: living in open water (floating or swimming). Photosynthesis: biological process in plants that captures light energy and converts it into chemical energy. Plate tectonics: theory that the Earth's crust is formed of moving plates.

Taphonomy: study of the process of fossilization.

Taxon (plural taxa): general term for any formal grouping of plants and animals.

Zone fossil: fossil species that is indicative of a particular unit of geological time.

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Survival Basics

Survival Basics

This is common knowledge that disaster is everywhere. Its in the streets, its inside your campuses, and it can even be found inside your home. The question is not whether we are safe because no one is really THAT secure anymore but whether we can do something to lessen the odds of ever becoming a victim.

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