Classification Of Organisms

Each author has his or her own ideas concerning the way organisms should be organized, or in the case of plants, whether they represent a single kingdom or multiple kingdoms. With this in mind, the classification scheme in Appendix 1 is presented merely as a guide to the groups of algae, fungi, bryophytes, and vascular plants that are discussed in this book. In the case of some groups, such as the hyperdiverse flowering plants, there are so many families with a meager fossil record, or no fossil record at all, that it would be impossible to include them all, so we have tried to provide a sampling of major groups and interesting examples. For the angiosperms, we have followed the system in Cronquist (1988) for the most part, with attention to the system of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (1998, 2003); for the algae (Chapter 4), the system in Lee (1999), for the hornworts and bryophytes (Chapter 5), the system in Frahm (2001a), and for the fungi (Chapter 3), The Mycota, Volumes VIIA and VIIB (McLaughlin et al., 2001a, 2001b). Some readers may wish to adapt the plant groups presented in the following chapters to a system with which they feel more comfortable.

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