Throughout this book there are numerous examples of many of the biological and geological questions being asked by paleobotanists today, and how the fossil record contributes to answering these questions. The field of paleobotany continues to advance, not only by the discovery of new fossils but also by the use of new methods applied to existing fossils and the application of techniques from other fields to paleobotany. Plant parts preserved in different ways or ones that show additional features are continually being discovered. More sophisticated and improved methods to study the fossils and interpret the results also provide new data which contribute to an enhanced understanding of the plants and communities that existed through geologic time.

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