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On October 4, Russian rocket scientist Sergei Korolev with permission from Soviet premier Nikita S. Khrushchev uses a powerful military rocket to successfully place Sputnik 1 (the world's first artificial satellite) into orbit around Earth. News of the Soviet success sends a political and technical shockwave across the United States. The launch of Sputnik 1 marks the beginning of the Space Age. It also is the start of the great space race of the cold war—a period when people measure national strength and global prestige by accomplishments (or failures) in outer space.

On November 3, the Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2—the world's second artificial satellite. It is a massive spacecraft (for the time) that carries a live dog named Laika, which is euthanized at the end of the mission.

The highly publicized attempt by the United States to launch its first satellite with a newly designed civilian rocket ends in complete disaster on December 6. The Vanguard rocket explodes after rising only a few inches above its launch pad at Cape Canaveral. Soviet successes with Sputnik 1 and Sputnik 2 and the dramatic failure of the Vanguard rocket heighten American anxiety. The exploration and use of outer space becomes a highly visible instrument of cold-war politics

Telescopes Mastery

Telescopes Mastery

Through this ebook, you are going to learn what you will need to know all about the telescopes that can provide a fun and rewarding hobby for you and your family!

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