Bibliography On Genetic Code

Chapter 3: Transfer RNA and Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases 27

3.1. Discovery 27

3.2. Structure of tRNA 28

3.2.1. Primary Structure 28

3.2.2. Secondary Structure 30

3.2.3. Tertiary Structure 32

3.3. Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases 34

3.4. Aminoacylation of tRNA 37

3.5. Specificity of tRNA Aminoacylation 39

3.5.1. Specificity for Amino Acids 39

3.5.2. Specificity for tRNA 40

3.5.3. Specific Modifications of Aminoacyl Residue after Aminoacylation. 42 BIBLIOGRAPHY 43

Chapter 4: Ribosomes and Translation 45

4.1. First Observations 45

4.2. Localization of Ribosomes in the Cell 45

4.3. Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Ribosomes 47

4.4. Sequential Readout of mRNA by Ribosomes; Polyribosomes 48

4.5. Stages of Translation: Initiation, Elongation, and Termination 50

4.6. Chemical Reactions and Overall Energy Balance of Protein Biosynthesis . . . .51

4.7. Cell-free Translation Systems 52

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