2N 1 2N

e e relationship between FST and Nem at equilibrium. Both Y-chromosome and organelle loci are haploid and uniparentally inherited, giving an effective population size of one-quarter of that for nuclear loci. For example, in humans the mitochondrial genome is inherited from the maternal parent only, or half of the population, and it is also haploid or present in half the number of copies of the nuclear genome. For

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