Figure 4.15 Expected levels of fixation among subpopulations depend on the product of the effective population size (Ne) and the amount of gene flow (m) in the infinite island model of population structure. Each line represents expected FST for loci with different probabilities

11 2 of autozogosity (from bottom to top-, —, and —).

2Ne Ne Ne

Marked divergence of allele frequencies among subpopulations (FST > 0.2) are expected when Nem is below 1 for biparentally inherited nuclear loci with an autozygosity of . Y-chromosome or mitochondrial

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