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that the assumptions of Hardy-Weinberg are true. We can then compare several expectations for genotype frequencies with actual genotype frequencies to distinguish between several alternative hypotheses. The second type of application is where we examine what results when assumptions of Hardy-Weinberg are not met. There are many cases where population genotype frequencies can be used to reveal the action of various population genetic processes. Before that, the next section builds a proof of the Hardy-Weinberg prediction that inheritance per se will not alter allele frequencies.

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