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The expected numbers of each genotype as well as the differences between the observed and expected genotype frequencies are worked out in the tables. For the hypothesis of two loci with two alleles each, x2 = 0.266, whereas X2 = 19,688 for the hypothesis of one locus with three alleles. Both of these tests have one degree of freedom (4 genotypes - 2 for estimated allele frequencies - 1 for the test), giving a critical value of x0.o5,i = 3 84 from Table 2.5. The deviations between observed and expected genotype frequencies could easily be due to chance under the hypothesis of two loci with two alleles each. However, the observed genotype frequencies are extremely unlikely under the hypothesis of three alleles at one locus since the deviations between observed and expected genotype frequencies are very large.

Phenotype

Genotype

Observed

Expected number of genotypes

Observed-expected

(Observed-expected)2/ expected

Hypothesis 1: two

loci with two alleles each

0 0

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