Index

amber air bubbles, 11 ancient life-forms, 11 color, 10 fossils in, 10-11

properties and characteristics, 11 resin, 11 Amblypygi, 45 American farmer ant, 75 anemone, beadlet, 15 annelid, 26

Anomalocaris (fossil), 6, 7, 9 ant

American farmer, 75 anthill, 74-75 aphids, 78-79 black garden, 74, 79, 82 blood-red, 13 castes, 75 communication, 74 defense, 75 diet, 75

metamorphosis, 74 mutualism, 78-79 social organization, 74 southern wood, 75 species, 74 trap-jaw, 75 velvety tree, 75 Antarctic krill, 14 antenna, 55, 74 anthill, 74-75 aphid, and ants, 78-79 apiculture, 86-87

aposematism (defense mechanism), 66, 76 arachnid color, 34

dust mites, 84-85 most dangerous, 50 name source, 34 species, 44, 45 venomous, 50-51

arthropod small, 13 success, 14 Asian tiger mosquito, 12 auger beetle, 83

Australia, Ediacara Hills fossils, 6, 8-9 Australian centipede, 63 Australian stick insect, 77 Aysheaia (fossil), 9

barnacle, 36 beadlet anemone, 15 bee apiculture, 80-81 dances, 13

history of beekeeping, 80-81 hive, artificial, 4, 80-81, 86-87 honey collection and processing, 87 mouth, 58 nectar, 86

organized communities, 5 queen, 87 vision, 56 worker, 86, 87 beekeeping, 4, 5, 86-87 beetle antennae, 55 aquatic, 68-69 auger, 83 burying, 13, 82 click, 13

common furniture, 13 diving, 68 flying, 66-67 great diving, 17 jaws, 55 species, 13 wings, 67 bigfin reef squid, 15 bilateral symmetry, 54 bivalve, 29

pearls, 30 black bean aphid, 79 black garden ant (black ant), 74, 79 black vine weevil, 13 black widow spider, 50 blood-fluke (bilharzia), 17 blood-red ant, 13 bloodletting (medicine), 90 bloodsucking bug (triatomine), 82, 83 body plan bilateral symmetry, 54 radial symmetry, 15, 20-21, 24 brachiopod, 43 brimstone butterfly, 76-77 brittle star, 20 broadclub cuttlefish, 14 Broussais, Francois J. V., 90 brown garden snail, 13, 28-29 Burgess Shale fossils, 6, 8, 9 Burgessia (fossil), 9 burying beetle, 13, 82 butterfly antennae, 55 brimstone, 76-77 Cramer's blue morpho, 12 metamorphosis, 70-73 monarch, 12, 70-73 mouth, 58, 60 owl, 76 peacock, 76 shape, 72-73

caddisfly, larva, 17 Cambrian Period

Burgess Shale, 8-9 trilobite predator, 6-7 trilobites, 9 camouflage (crypsis), 76-77 octopus, 32 pupa, 72 Canada, Burgess Shale fossils, 6

Canadia (fossil), 9 caramote prawn, 14 caterpillar, 70-71 cedar beetle, antennae, 55 centipede, 13, 55, 83 Australian, 63 characteristics, 63 Geophilomorpha, 63 legs, 62 life, 62

megarian banded, 63 walking, 62 cephalopod, 19, 29, 32 Chagas disease, 82 Chancelloria (fossil), 9 Charnia (fossil), 8 chelicerae, 44, 49

hunting spider, 50 chitin, 38

Christmas tree worm, 15 chrysalis: See pupa cicada, 67 clam, 31 click beetle, 13 clown fish, 23 Cnidaria common characteristics, 22 number of species, 21, 23 types, 20-21 cockle shell, 29 cockroach, 54, 70, 83 cocoon: See pupa common cuttlefish, 29 common European oyster, 31 common furniture beetle, 13 common octopus, 15 common pond skater, 16 common starfish, 15 copepod (Copepoda), 17, 37, 43 coral, 22 cnidarians, 21 reefs, 14, 22 cowry, tiger, 15 crab

European green, 37

hermit, 39 life cycle, 37 movement, 40-41 urchin, 15 crab spider, 49

Cramer's blue morpho (butterfly), 12 crayfish, white-clawed, 17 cricket, mole, 54 crustacean, 35

anatomy, 40 body forms, 36-37 environments, 34 freshwater adaptations, 16 marine, 14 species, 14, 40

cuttlefish broadclub, 14 common, 29

desert locust, 88 desert millipede, 13 desert scorpion, 51 Dickinsonia (fossil), 8 disease, and invertebrates, 82, 85 diving beetle, 68 diving bell spider, 17 dog flea, 64-65 dragonfly, 54, 70 emperor, 16, 70-73 hawker, 54-55 nymph, 17 drone, ants, 75 Dublin Bay prawn, 40 dust mite, 82 allergies, 85 anatomy, 84-85 humidity, 85 size, 85 Dysdera crocota (spider), 49

earthworm, 13, 82

anatomy, 26

echinoderm classes, 20

five-radial symmetry, 22 history, 24 number, 25 species, 20, 22 spiny skin, 20 Ediacara Hills fossils, 6, 8 elytron wing (elytra), 66, 67 Emeraldella (fossil), 9 emperor dragonfly, 16, 70 emperor scorpion, 44 European green crab, 37 European hornet, 13 European medicinal leech, 17, 91 exoskeleton, moulting, 39 eye flatworms, 26 insects, 56-57 spiders, 49-50

flatworm, 26 flea, 64, 83

bites, 65 dog, 65 food chain, 12 human, 65 jumping ability, 64 life cycle, 65 water, 43

fly diseases, 82 metamorphosis, 72-73 mouth, 60 vision, 56-57 wings, 67

flying, insects, 66-67 food chain described, 42 levels, 12 fossil amber, 10-11 ancient life-forms, 10 Burgess Shale, 6, 8-9 Cambrian explosion, 8 Ediacara Hills, 6 evidence of ancient life, 10 trilobites, 9 fruit fly, 72-73 furniture beetle, common, 13

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