References

Alpert, P., Bone, E. & Holzapfel, C. (2000). Invasiveness, invasibility and the role of environmental stress in the spread of non-native plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 3, 52-66.

Arévalo, J.R., Fernández-Palacios, J.M., Jiménez M.J. & Gil, P. (2001). The effect of fire in the understory of two reforested stands of Pinus canariensis. Tenerife. Canary Islands. Forest Ecology and Management 148, 21-29

Arévalo, J.R., Naranjo, A. & Salas, M. (2005). Regeneration in a mixed stand of native Pinus canariensis and introduced Pinus pinea species. Acta Oecologica 28, 87-94.

Bergman, M., Iason, G.R. & Hester, A,J. (2005). Feeding patterns by roe deer and rabbits on pine, willow and birch in relation to spatial arrangement. Oikos 109, 513-520.

Crawley, M.J. (1987). What makes a community invasible? In Gray, A.J., Crawley, M.J. & Edwards, P.J. (Eds). Colonization, succession and stability, Blackwell, Oxford. pp. 429454.

Dirnbock, T., Dullinger, S. & Grabherr, G. (2003). A regional impact assessment of climate and land-use change on alpine vegetation. Journal of Biogeography 30, 401-417.

Edgington, E. S. (1995). Randomization Tests. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. 409 pp.

Fimbel, A.R. & C.C. Fimbel. (1996). The role of exotic conifer plantations in rehabilitating degraded tropical forest lands: A case study from the Kivale Forest in Uganda. Forest Ecology and Management 81, 215-226.

Grotkopp, E., Rejmánek, M., Sanderson, M.J. & Rost, T.L. (2004). Evolution of genome size in pines (Pinus) and its life-history correlates: supertree analyses. Evolution 58, 17051729.

Grotkopp, E., Réjmanek, M. & Rost, T.L. (2002). Toward a causal explanation of plant invasiveness: seedling growth and life-history strategies of 29 pine (Pinus) species. American Naturalist 159, 396-419.

Geldenhuys, C.J. (1996). The Blakwood Group system: its relevance for sustainable forest management in the southern Cape. S. Afr. For. J. 178, 15-24.

Gurevitch, J. & Padilla D.K. (2004). Are invasive species a major cause of extinctions? Trends Ecol. Evol. 19, 470-474.

Hierro, J.L., Maron, J.L. & Callaway, R.M. (2005). A biogeographical approach to plant invasions: the importance of studying exotics in their introduced and native range. Journal of Ecology 93, 5-15.

Izquierdo, I., Martín J.L., Zurita, N. & Arechavaleta M. (2001) Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres). Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente Gobierno de Canarias.

Kämmer, F. (1974). Klima und vegetation auf Tenerife, besonders in Hinblick auf den Nebelniederschlag. Scripta Geobot. 7, 1-78.

Lemmon, P. E. (1957). A new instrument for measuring forest overstory density. Journal of Forestry 55, 667-668.

Liston, A., Robinson, W.A., Piñero, D. & Alvarez-Buylla, E.R. (1999). Phylogenetics of Pinus (Pinacea) bases on nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribe spacer region sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11, 95-109.

López-Darias M., Lobo, J.M. & Gouat, P. (2008). Predicting potential distributions of invasive species: the exotic Barbary ground squirrel in the Canarian archipelago and the West Mediterranean region. Biological Invasions 10, 1027-1040.

Loumeto, J.J. & C. Huttel. (1997). Understory vegetation in fast growing tree plantations on savanna soils in Congo. Forest Ecology and Management 99, 65-81.

Parrotta, J.A. (1995). Influence of overstory composition on understory colonization by native species in plantations on a degraded tropical site. Journal of Vegetation Science 6, 627636.

Pérez, P. L., Pascual, M., Rodríguez, O., Acebes, J.R., del Arco, M. & Wildpret, W. 1994. Atlas cartográfico de los pinares canarios IV: Gran Canaria y plantaciones de Fuerteventura y Lanzarote. Viceconsejería de Medio Ambiente. S/C de Tenerife.

Pysek, P., Jarosík, V. & Kucera, T. (2002). Patterns of invasion in temperate nature reserves. Biological Conservation 104, 13-24.

Réjmanek, M. & Richardson, D. (1996). What attributes make some plant species more invasive? Ecology 77, 1655-1661.

Rejmánek, M., Richardson, D.M., Higgins, S.I., Pitcairn, M. & Grotkopp, E. (2003). Plant invasion ecology: State of the art. Invasive alien species: looking for solutions. In: H.A. Mooney, Mack, R.N., McNeely, J.A., Neville, L., Schei, P.J. & Waage J. (Eds.). Invasive alien species: searching for solutions, Island Press, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 104-61.

Rejmánek, M., Richardson, D.M. & Pysek, P. (2005). Plant invasions and invasibility of plant communities. In: Van der Maarel E. (Ed.), Vegetation ecology, Blackwell Science, Oxford. pp. 332-355.

Rejmánek, M. & Pitcairn, M.J. (2002). When is eradication of exotic pest plants a realistic goal? In: Veitch C.R. & Clout M. N. (eds.), Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species, ,IUCN, Gland and Cambridge. p. 249-253

Richardson, D.M. (1989). The ecology of invasions by Pinus (Pinaceae) and Hakea (Proteaceae) species, with special emphasis on patterns, processes and consequences of invasion in mountain fynbos of the southwestern Cape Province, South Africa. PhD. diss. University of Cape Town, Cape Town.

Richardson, D.M., Williams, P.A. & Hobbs, R.J. (1994). Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere: determinants of spread and invasibility. Journal of Biogeography 21, 511527.

Richardson, D.M., Pysek, P., Rejmánek, M., Barbour, M.G., Panetta, F.D. & West, C.J., (2000). Naturalization and invasion of alien plants: concepts and definitions. Diversity and Distributions 6, 93-107.

Rodríguez, A. & Mora, J.L. (2000). Los suelos. In: Morales, G. and Pérez, R. (Eds.). Gran atlas temático de Canarias. Interinsular Canaria. S/C de Tenerife. pp. 107-120.

Rouget, M., Richardson, D.M., Milton, S.J., Polakow, D. (2001). Predicting invasion dynamics of four alien Pinus species in a highly fragmented semi-arid shrubland in South Africa. Plant Ecology 152, 79-92. Salas, M. (1994). Estudio del Área Potencial y Serie de los Pinares Grancanarios (Islas

Canarias-España). PhD diss. Universidad de La Laguna. La Laguna. SPSS. (1986). SPSS/PC+ V.6.0. Base manual. SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL. Simberloff, D. (2001). Biological Invasions - How are they affecting us, and what can we do about them? Western North American Naturalist 61, 308-315. Vitousek, P. M., Walker, L. R., Whitaker, L. D., Mueller Dombois, D. & Matson, P. A. (1987). Biological invasion by Myrica faya alters ecosystem development in Hawaii. Science 238, 802-4.

Wace, N. (1977). Assessment of dispersal of plant species: The car-borne flora in Canberra.

Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia 10, 167-186. Walters, C. (1986). Adaptive management of removable resources. Macmillan. New York. Williamson, M. (1996). Biological Invasions. Chapman & Hall, London. Wilson, J.B., Hubbard, J.C.E. & Rapson, G.L. (1988). A comparison of the realized niche relations of species in New Zealand and Britain. Oecologia 76, 106-110. Zar, J.H. (1984) Biostatistical Analysis. 2nd ed. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

In: Invasive Species: Detection, Impact and Control Editors: C.P. Wilcox and R.B. Turpin

ISBN 978-1-60692-252-1 © 2009 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Chapter 1

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment