Burch, P.L. & S.M. Zedaker. Removing the invasive tree Ailanthus altissima and restoring natural cover. Journal of Arboriculture 29:18-23. Carter, W.K. & T.S. Fredericksen. 2007. Tree seedling and sapling density and deer browsing incidence on recently-logged and mature non-industrial private forestlands in Virginia, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 242:671-677. Grime, J.P. 1965. Shade tolerance in flowering plants. Nature 208:161-163. Heisey, R.M. 1990. Evidence for allelopathy by tree-of-heaven (Ailanthus altissima). Journal of Chemical Ecology 16:2039-2055. Kays, J.S., D.W. Smith, S.M. Zedaker, & R.E. Kreh. 1988. Factors affecting natural regeneration of Piedmont hardwoods. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 11: 46-49. Kowarik, I. 1995. Clonal growth in Ailanthus altissima on a natural site in West Virginia.

Journal of Vegetation Science 6:853-856. Knapp, L.B. & C.D. Canham. 2003. Invasion of an old-growth forest in New York by Ailanthus altissima: sapling growth and recruitment in canopy gaps. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 127:307-315. Lawrence, J.G., A. Colwell, & O.J. Sexton. 1991. The ecological impact of allelopathy in

Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae). American Journal of Botany 78:948-958. Mergen, F. 1959. A toxic principle in the leaves of Ailanthus. Botanical Gazette 121:32-36.

Miller, J.H. 1990. Ailanthus. Pp. 101-104 In Burns, R.M.& B.H. Honkala (Technical Coordinators). Silvics of North America: Volume 2. Hardwoods Agriculture Handbook 654, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, D.C., 877 p.

Zedaker, S.M., J.B. Lewis, D.W. Smith, & R. E. Kreh. 1987. Impact of season of harvest and site quality on cut-stump treatment of Piedmont hardwoods. Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 11:46-49.

In: Invasive Species: Detection, Impact and Control ISBN 978-1-60692-252-1

Editors: C.P. Wilcox and R.B. Turpin © 2009 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Short Communication 2

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment