C

Chapter 2 Jupiter's Place in the Solar System 7 y

2.1 Physical Characteristics 7

2.2 A System of Basic Terminology and

Nomenclature 9

Chapter 3 The Physical Appearance of the Planet 12

3.1 Common Visual Markings 12

3.2 Winds and Jet Streams in the Atmosphere 45

3.3 Color in Jupiter's Belts and Zones 47

3.4 Summary 48

Chapter 4 Color, Chemical Composition of the Planet, and Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere 50

4.1 Color 50

4.2 The Chemical Composition 64

4.3 The Vertical Structure of Jupiter's Atmosphere 66

Chapter 5 The Electromagnetic Environment Surrounding

Jupiter 69

5.1 The Magnetosphere and Magnetic Field 69

5.2 The Io Cloud and Torus 76

5.3 Radiation Belts 78

5.4 Aurora 78

5.5 Radio Emission 82

5.6 Lightning 83

5.7 The Io Flux Tube and Magnetic Footprints on

Jupiter 86

5.8 X-Ray Emission from Jupiter and Its Environ 88

5.9 Summary 89

Chapter 6 The Jovian Satellite System 91

6.1 The Galilean Moons of Jupiter 91

6.2 The Lesser Moons 130

6.3 The Rings of Jupiter 138

6.4 Trojans and Comets 142

Section II How to Observe the Planet Jupiter

Introduction 147

Chapter 7 Equipment 149

7.1 Telescopes 149

7.2 Eyepieces 155

7.3 Filters 156

7.4 Mountings 158

ยง Chapter 8 Sky Conditions 161

nt 8.1 Seeing 161

o 8.2 Transparency 162

W 8.3 Learning about Weather 163

Chapter 9 Making a Record 165

9.1 Making a Drawing of Jupiter 165

9.2 The Full Disk Drawing 166

9.3 The Strip Sketch 170

9.4 Intensity Estimates 172

9.5 Central Meridian Transit Timings 175

9.6 Drift Charts 176

9.7 Observation and Estimates of Color 178

9.8 The Use of Photography to Study Jupiter 179

9.9 CCD Imaging 180

9.10 Imaging with Webcams 182

9.11 Making use of CCD and Webcam Images 188

9.12 Measurement of Latitude 190

9.13 Keeping a Record: The Logbook 192

9.14 Reporting 194

9.15 Amateur Organizations 195

Conclusion 197

References 198

Index 215

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