Contents

Contributors xix

Section One: LEMUR ORIGINS, HISTORY OF ECOLOGICAL STUDIES ON LEMURS, AND THE ECOLOGY OF THE RECENTLY EXTINCT (SUBFOSSIL) LEMURS 1

1. Origin of the Malagasy Strepsirhine Primates 3

Ian Tattersall

2. Notes on the History of Ecological Studies of Malagasy

Lemurs 19

Alison Jolly and R. W. Sussman

3. Ecology and Extinction of Madagascar's Subfossil Lemurs 41

Laurie R. Godfrey, William L. Jungers, and Gary T. Schwartz

Section Two: THE EVOLUTION OF LEMUR TRAITS,

BASIC AND UNUSUAL PATTERNS 65

4. Impact of Ecology on the Teeth of Extant Lemurs: A Review of Dental Adaptations, Function, and Life History 67

Frank P. Cuozzo and Nayuta Yamashita

5. Big Is Beautiful: Fat Storage and Hibernation as a Strategy to Cope with Marked Seasonality in the Fat-Tailed Dwarf

Lemur (Cheirogaleus medius) 97

Joanna Fietz and K. H. Dausmann

6. Polyspecific Associations of Crowned Lemurs and

Sanford's Lemurs in Madagascar 111

Benjamin Z. Freed

7. Cathemerality in Lemurs 133

Deborah J. Curtis

8. Adaptations in the Aye-aye: A Review 159

Eleanor J. Sterling and Erin E. McCreless

Section Three: CONNECTING ECOLOGY AND ADAPTATION:

SUMMARIES AND NEW STUDIES 185

9. Evolutionary Divergence in the Brown Lemur

Species Complex 187

Steig E. Johnson

10. Ecological Diversity and Seasonal Adaptations of Mouse

Lemurs (Microcebus spp.) 211

Ute Radespiel

11. Social Pair-Bonding and Resource Defense in Wild

Red-Bellied Lemurs (Eulemur rubriventer) 235

Deborah J. Overdorff and Stacey R. Tecot

12. Lemur catta Ecology: What We Know and What

We Need to Know 255

Lisa Gould

13. Impact of Seasonality and Reproduction on Social

Structure, Ranging Patterns, and Fission-Fusion Social Organization in Red Ruffed Lemurs 275

Natalie Vasey

14. Ecologically Enigmatic Lemurs: The Sifakas of the Eastern Forests (Propithecus candidus, P. diadema, P. edwardsi, P. perrieri, and P. tattersalli) 305

Mitchell T. Irwin

15. Behavioral and Ecological Adaptations in Two Small Folivorous Lemurs with Different Social Organization:

Avahi and Lepilemur

Urs Thalmann

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