M

Macaca fascicularis, 52 Macaranga cuspidata (tree), 162 Madagascar Island aye-ayes, adaptation behavior of, see Aye-ayes biological conference, 28 biotic uniqueness, 3, 19 and climate, 386 climatic conditions, 20, 97-99 drought effects, 413 Durban conference, 35-36 ecology of, 12-13 environmentalist activities, 33-35 fauna of, 3-4

field research on lemurs, 20-24 and flora, 386-392 and global warming, 36 isolation of, 4-6

Malagasy mammals, orders of, 4-5 Malagasy strepsirhine primates, see Lemurs and mining business, 36 molecular studies of, 10-12 political history of, 20 primates of, 6-7 sifaka taxa found in, 309 tertiary fossil record outside, 7-10

Madagascar's extant lemurs, 55-56

dental development and microstructure of, 70-71 dental formulae for, 69 dental health and feeding behavior,

71-72 enamel thickness of, 71 morphology of anterior teeth, see Madagascar's extant lemurs, morphology of anterior teeth morphology of premolar and molar teeth, see Madagascar's extant lemurs, morphology of premolar and molar teeth Madagascar's extant lemurs, morphology of anterior teeth basic morphology, 72-73 dental health indicators, 77-78 functional morphology, 76 origin and function of toothcomb, 73-76

Madagascar's extant lemurs, morphology of premolar and molar teeth basic morphology, 78-81 dental health indicators, 86-87 functional morphology, 82-86 Madagascar's extinct lemurs carbon isotopes of, 44-45 characteristics of, 43 childrearing practices of, 51-52 and energy conservation, 46-49 extinction process, 55-56 female dominance behavior, 44-46 fibrous food sources, exploitation of, 49-51

and habitat preferences, 44 life history parameters of, 52 maxillary canine height index of, 47 sexual dimorphism, degrees of, 45-76 visual acuity of, 53-55 Malagasy strepsirhine primates, 236

origin of, see Madagascar Island Malagasy west coast, climatic condition of, see Madagascar Island, climatic condition of Manampatrana river, 191 Mananara river, 191-192 Mangifera indica (plant), 374

Manombo classified forest, 406 Manombo Special Reserve, 406 Masoala National Park, 279 Megaladapidae, 43

Megaladapis (Megaladapis) grandidieri, 54

Megaladapis (Peloriadapis) edwardsi, 54 Megaladapis spp., 48-49, 52-53 Megaladapis edwardsi, 45, 61 Megaladapis madagascariensis, 45 Merina rulers, 26 Mesopropithecus spp., 53 Mesopropithecus globiceps, 45 Mesopropithecus pithecoides, 45 Microcebus c.f. murinus, 80 Microcebus spp., 115, 387; see also Mouse lemurs Microcebus berthae, 107, 212, 215,

219,223, 226 Microcebus griseorufus, 212, 218 Microcebus lehilahytsara, 213 Microcebus murinus, 29, 105-106,

179, 212, 219, 223, 226 Microcebus myoxinus, 212, 215 Microcebus ravelobensis, 212, 216,

219,223 Microcebus rufus, 113, 213, 215, 223

Microcebus sambiranensis, 212 Microcebus tavaratra, 212 Mirza coquereli, 29, 107 Mitochondrial cytochrome gene studies, 10-11

Montagne d'Ambre lake, 25 Mouse lemurs ancestral species, behavioral traits of,

225-227 distribution of, 212-214 feeding ecology of, 216-218 habitat characteristics and microhabitat preferences, 214-216 plant species consumed by, 217-218 reproduction in, 223-224 sleeping site ecology of, 219 socioecology of, 219-223 torpor and body mass variations in, 224-225 Mozambique Channel, 4-5

Mt. d'Ambre National Park, species in Acrantophis sp., 115 Bakerella sp. (plant), 113 Bombax sp., 123 bushes in, 113 Buteo brachypterus, 114 Canarium madagascariensis

(plant), 113 Chrysophyllum boivinianum

(plant), 113 Cryptocarya sp. (plant), 113 Cryptoprocta ferox, 114 Erythroxylum ferrugineum (plant), 113 Ficus brachyclada (tree), 119 Haliaeetus vociferoides, 114 Harungana madagascariensis

(plant), 113 Lantana camara (plant), 113,

115, 123 Leea spinea (plant), 113 Malleastrum sp. (plant), 113 Mangifera indica, 115 Mucuna sp., 115 Piper umbellatum (plant), 113 Solanum indicum (plant), 113 Tamarindus indica, 115 Tarenna sp. (plant), 113 Tyto soumagnei, 114 Tyus sp., 114 Viverricula indica, 114 Murine typhus, 425

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