Africa And Eurasia The Controls

The large-mammal faunas of Africa and Eurasia escaped severe extinctions over the last two to five million years. Africa suffered no obvious pulse or burst of extinctions of megafauna to match those in near time on other landmasses; in the end it lost less than 10 percent of its megafauna. The losses in northern Eurasia were not aggregated or spontaneous, as in America and Australia, but more measured, extending over 70,000 years (Stuart 1999). They included straight-tusked elephants and woolly mammoths, naked and woolly rhinos, hippos, giant deer, and cave bears (Ursus spelaeus). Cave lions and spotted hyenas, close relatives of the

TABLE 2 Large (>45 Kilograms) Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene Mammals of North America North of Mexico

Blancan Irvingtonian Rancholabrean Holocene

TABLE 2 Large (>45 Kilograms) Pliocene, Pleistocene, and Holocene Mammals of North America North of Mexico

Blancan Irvingtonian Rancholabrean Holocene

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