Info

morphogenetic movement 43

mab-5 167

morphological

Macaca 137

diversity 381

macroevolution 2, 50, 164,

evolution 6, 33

310, 101

misfit 196

morphometries 18 morphospace 15

oeeupaney 62 morphostatic mechanism 46 mouse 123 Mox 182, 249, 178 Msh 228 Msx 178, 178 MSX2P 185 Msx4 185 Müller, Fritz 5 MMüller's larva 402 multieellularity origin 9 Mus 123, 244, 101 muscle segment homeodomain 375 Mussaenda 198 MyoD 228 Myotis 139 Myriapoda 284, 362 Myriochelata 360 Mytilus 409

nanos 228, 336, 346 Nasonia 347

natural seleetion 31, 62, 81, 107,

160, 217 Naturphilosophie 6 nauplius 144, 291 neeromeny 169 Nematoda 225, 241, 261, 325 germ eells 330 insect-associated 169 origin 261 phylogeny 262 vulva 122, 161, 101 Nematomorpha 241 Nematostella 182, 226, 239, 101 Nemertini 402, 325 Nemertoderma 226 Nemertodermatida 223, 240 neo-cell theory 197 Neocobboldia 289 Neodarwinism 1, 31, 105, 160 neofunctionalization 109 Neolamarckism 6 Nephrozoa 223 Nereis 244 nervous system ontogeny 403 netrin 228

neural precursor 360 neuroblast 360, 409 neurogenesis 318 Arthropoda 359 evolution 376 neutral evolution 62 Nicotiana 309

NK 181, 181, 228, 248, 178 NKL subclass 178 NKX2 181, 230 nob1 180 noggin 228 nomothetics 2,101 nonadaptive trait 7 normogenesis 144 Not 178

Notch 69, 228, 349, 368, 385 novelty 12, 75, 32, 53, 72, 160, 254,

381, 101 numb 373 Nuphar 197 Nymphaea 197 nymphalid groundplan 68

Obox genes 181 Ochotona 136 odd-skipped 350 Oikopleura 101 Oncopeltus 144, 347, 389 Onthophagus 101 ontophyletics 8

Onychophora 241, 281, 360, 325

gonads 325 organ identity 196 organismal form 2 origin of development 9 Ornithorhynchus 133 Orsten-type fauna 281 orthodenticle 228, 347 orthology 181 Oryctolagus 136 Oryza 201 Otolemur 137 ovoviviparity 131 Owenia 400

pair-rule genes 350 Paleosuchus 132 Pan 137

Pancrustacea 359 pangenesis 334

ParaHox genes 181, 225, 240, 247 paralogy 186

groups 241 Paratomella 226 Parhyale 344 parthenogenesis 266 Partula 52 Passer 132

pattern formation 39, 63, 267

Pax 3 228

Pbx 248

Pdm 375

Pdx1 247

Pecten 411

ped-7 167 Pedicellina 404 P-element 254 Pelodiscus 128 Penaeidae 292 Pentastomida 281 pericalymma larva 412 periodic signal 349 Periplaneta 350 Perissodactyla 137 Petaurus 134 PHABULOSA 304 PHANTASTICA 309 pharyngula 144

stage 54 Phascolion 404 Phascolopsis 401 Phaseolus 204 phenocopy 15 phenotypic space 62 suppression 255 variation 2, 31, 69 Pholcus 363 Pholidota 137 Phoronida 403 Phosphatocopina 281 php3 180

phragmoplast 299 Phyllodoce 403 phylogenetic sampling 110 phylogeny 125, 144, 178, 294

Arthropoda 359 phylotypic period 54 stage 54, 350, 393 phytomer 195, 304 pilidium larva 402 Pinguicula 208 Pisum 203, 309 PL10 gene family 333 Placozoa 240 plant organs identity 122 reproduction 309 planula 230

planula-acoeloid theory 220 plasmodesma 197, 299 plasticity 7, 74, 114, 268, 101 Plathelminthes 222, 402, 325

germ cells 330 Platynereis 348 Plectidae 144 Plectus 265 pleiotropy 10 PLENA 197 PLETHORA 307 Podarke 400

Podostemaceae 202 podotypic stage 318, 394 Pogona 130 pollen 310 Polyclada 402

Polycomb Responsive element 251 Polycomb-group genes 254 Polygordius 403 polyphenism 101 Polyplacophora 404 Populus 305 Porifera 231, 240, 325 genes 186 germ line 332 positional information 42 Post1 242 Post2 242

posterior addition 249 posterior prevalence 255 post-transcriptional gene regulation 84 POU-class 175 PRD-class 175 preformation 329

pre-Mendelian phase of evolution 10

Priapulida 222, 241, 325

Primates 136

Pristionchus 163

Proboscidea 134

proboscipedia 180, 241, 387, 247

Procavia 135

Procephalothrix 1623

proneural genes 369

prospero 366

protaspid 289

Protobranchia 412

protoplanula 220

Protostomia 222

PROX-class 175

Pseudoceros 405

Pycnogonida 293, 344

pygidium 285

RAG1 244 rate genes 7 reaction norm 7, 13 recapitulation 6, 54 recruitment 10 redundancy 10, 101 regulatory network 8, 82 Rehbachiella 291 reproduction 321 reproductive strategy 321 reproductive system 322

Bilateria 289, 322 Reptilia 127

Rhabditophora 222, 402 Rhynia 305

ribosomal genes 223 Rodentia 136 Romanomermis 265 root 306 Rosaceae 203 Rotifera 222, 325

germ cells 330 Rough 178

ROUGH SHEATH 2 309 Roux Wilhelm 144 r-strategy 108

saltation 51 satellite organisms 163 scale of beings 5 Scandentia 136 Scaphopoda 404 scarab beetles 168 SCARECROW 307 Schamalenseeia 289 Schistocerca 144, 242, 391 Schmalhausen Ivan Ivanovich 7 Scr 247 scute 228, 368 Scutigera 366 seasonal polyphenism 73 Secernentea 275 Sedgwick Adam 233 segment 51, 219, 283 articulation 283 sequential expression 284 segmental pattern 318

generation 348 segmentation 194, 101 Arthropoda 317, 343 protarthrous 289 protomeric 289 synarthromeric 289 segment-polarity genes 350 Selaginella 309 selection 12 units 9 selector genes 384 self-fertilization 266 self-organization 9 set-aside cells 113, 101 Sex comb reduced 167, 241, 387 Sex-lethal 90

sexual selection 64, 107 Shankouia 281 Sharp, Philip 86 shoot apical meristem 197 SHORTROOT 307 signalling 37, 164 silencer 91 Silurian 303 sinuate leaf 203 Sipuncula 402, 325

Sipunculus 400 Sirenia 134 situs inversus 52 SIX-class 175 slou 178 snail 228, 373 snakes 130 social insects castes 113 Solenogastres 404 somatic gonad 322

specification 325 somitogenesis 349 Sorex 138 spalt 69, 388 spiral cleavage 318, 399 Spiralia 318, 399 Spirobranchus 403 splicing alternative 86 sex, specific 90 spore 309 sporophyte 302 SQUAMOSA 197 stamen petaloid 201 Stat 229 stem cells 362 Stenella 138 Strigamia 344, 363 Strongylocentrotus 243 Struthio 133 Sturnus 132

subfunctionalization 109 symmetry 269 Symsagittifera 228 synteny 181

Tachyglossus 133

Taeniopygia 132

TALE-class 175

Tardigrada 281, 360, 325

Tectura 404

Teleostei 242

teloblast 409

telome theory 308

Teratorhabditis 164

Testudines 128

Testudo 128

Tetraconata 359

Tetrapoda 242

Thamnophis 130

Thecostraca 293

theoretical biology 17

Thompson D'Arcy Wentworth 59

tin 181, 178

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