Some of the African emigrants who reached India expanded to the northwest, through Iran and Turkey, eventually reaching Europe. Their slow-motion occupation of Europe took some 15,000 years, because of resistance from the indigenous Neanderthal population. Dots show sites occupied by Aurignacians, the name given by archaeologists to the culture of the first modern humans. Dates, in thousands of years before the present, are from radiocarbon measurements, and may be 3,000 years or so younger than calendar dates.
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