M

MacNaughton, Robert 77 mammals 10, 79,100,130,136, 148-55

Margulis, Lynn 37 marsupials 149,155-6 mass extinction 101-21,144-5

background extinction 101 'big five' mass extinctions 101-2 climate change 116-19 continental drift 108-9 dinosaurs 144-5,147 disaster species 113 end-Permian event 102-15 KT event 144-5,147,151,155 land, life on 109-12 oxygen 106-8,116,117,119 recovery 119-21,122,129-31,139 reptiles 111-12, 145 rivers and shock erosion 115-16 runaway greenhouse phenomenon 118-19

sea, life in the 103-6, 125-6 Siberian Traps, vast volcanic eruptions in 108-9, 118-20 soil erosion and sediment run off

115-16, 118-19 timing of event 112-15 Vyatskian assemblage, Russia 109-11

Maynard Smith, John 33-4 Meishan, China 106-7,112-15 Mesozoic era 122-45,151,154-5 Miller, Stanley24, 26 mitochondria 35, 38-9 modern ecosystems, origins of

122-45 Mojzsis, Stephen 22 molecular biology 8-14, 66-8 molecular clock 8-10, 66-8 molecules 149-52 monkey-rabbits 152-3 monkeys 156-8 morphology 149-52 multicellularity 42-3, 44-5, 48

Neanderthals 164 Nwell, Andy 16

Nisbet, Euan 25, 30

Oparin-Haldane model 23-6 origin oflife 15-32 oxygen 6, 20-1, 39-41, 47-8, 64, 91-3, 96, 100, 106-8, 116, 118-19

Pangaea108,123-4 Pasteur, Louis 15-16 Pauling, Linus 8-9 Peterson, Kevin 67 phylogenetic argument 44-5 placental mammals 149,150-2 plants 5, 34, 59-63, 71-7, 94-5, 111-12, 118-20, 124,

135-6,143-4 predation 141-2, 147 primates 147-9,152-4 prokaryotes 35, 37-9, 41-2,

radioactivity and radiation 17, 40

Raup, David 101 reptiles 79, 85, 97-100, 109-12, 122-3,130-1,134,

136-7,145 Rice, Clive 75

rivers and shock erosion 115-16 RNA (ribonucleic acid) 25-8, 66

rock dating 14,17, 20, 21-3, 52 rodents 152-3 Romer, Alfred Sherwood 83 runaway greenhouse phenomenon 117-19 Rutherford, Ernest 17-18, 20

Sarich, Vincent 9

sclerites 56-9

112-29,140-2 see also fishes

Seilacher, Dolf50, 51-2 Selden, Paul 77 Senut, Brigitte 161 sex, origin of32, 33-50, 85 sharks 87-8,142 Siberian Traps, vast volcanic eruptions in 108-9, 118-19

skeleton, origins of the 51-68 Sleep, Norman 25, 30 Small Shelly Fauna (SSF) 54-6, 57

Smith, Roger 115 5 Snowball Earth (Cryogenian) H 47-8

o Soddy, Frederick 17 £ South Urals, Russia 109-10 £ Sprigg, Reginald 49 Springer, Mark 149-50 stromatolites 28-30 Sun, formation of20-1

tetrapods 79-85, 96-100, 123, 142

theropods 134, 138 Thomson, William (Lord Kelvin) 16-17

Trewin, Nigel 75 trilobites 58-61, 65 Tverdokhlebov, Valentin 115 Twitchett, Richard 107-8, 117, 125

Urey, Stanley 24

Van Valen, Leigh 121 Vyatskian assemblage, Russia 109-11

Ward, Peter 115-16 Watson, James 9 Wellman, Charlie 72 Wible, John 151-2 Wignall, Paul 106-7, 117 Wills, Matthew 65 Wilson, Allan 9 Woese, Carl 35 worms 2, 4-6, 7, 50, 66, 79 Wray, Greg 66-7

Zhoukoudian Cave. China 163-4 Zuckerkandl, Emil 8-9

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VERY SHORT INTRODUCTIONS

1.

Classics

48.

Rousseau

2.

Music

49.

Hegel

3.

Buddhism

50.

Kant

4.

Literary Theory

51.

Cosmology

5.

Hinduism

52.

Drugs

6.

Psychology

53.

Russian Literature

7.

Islam

54.

The French Revolution

8.

Politics

55.

Philosophy

9.

Theology

56.

Barthes

10.

Archaeology

57.

Animal Rights

11.

Judaism

58.

Kierkegaard

12.

Sociology

59.

Russell

13.

The Koran

60.

Shakespeare

14.

The Bible

61.

Clausewitz

15.

Social and Cultural Anthropology

62.

Schopenhauer

16.

History

63.

The Russian Revolution

17.

Roman Britain

64.

Hobbes

18.

The Anglo-Saxon Age

65.

World Music

19.

Medieval Britain

66.

Mathematics

20.

The Tudors

67.

Philosophy of Science

21.

Stuart Britain

68.

Cryptography

22.

Eighteenth-Century Britain

69.

Quantum Theory

23.

Nineteenth-Century Britain

70.

Spinoza

24.

Twentieth-Century Britain

71.

Choice Theory

25.

Heidegger

72.

Architecture

26.

Ancient Philosophy

73.

Poststructuralism

27.

Socrates

74.

Postmodernism

28.

Marx

75.

Democracy

29.

Logic

76.

Empire

30.

Descartes

77.

Fascism

31.

Machiavelli

78.

Terrorism

32.

Aristotle

79.

Plato

33.

Hume

80.

Ethics

34.

Nietzsche

81.

Emotion

35.

Darwin

82.

Northern Ireland

36.

The European Union

83.

Art Theory

37.

Gandhi

84.

Locke

38.

Augustine

85.

Modern Ireland

39.

Intelligence

86.

Globalization

40.

Jung

87.

Cold War

41.

Buddha

88.

The History of Astronomy

42.

Paul

89.

Schizophrenia

43.

Continental Philosophy

90.

The Earth

44.

Galileo

91.

Engels

45.

Freud

92.

British Politics

46.

Wittgenstein

93.

Linguistics

47.

Indian Philosophy

94.

96. Prehistory

97. Political Philosophy

98. Postcolonialism

99. Atheism

100. Evolution

101. Molecules

102. Art History

103. Presocratic Philosophy

104. The Elements

105. Dada and Surrealism

106. Egyptian Myth

107. Christian Art

108. Capitalism

109. Particle Physics

110. Free Will

111. Myth

112. Ancient Egypt

113. Hieroglyphs

114. Medical Ethics

115. Kafka

116. Anarchism

117. Ancient Warfare

118. Global Warming

119. Christianity

120. Modern Art

121. Consciousness

122. Foucault

123. Spanish Civil War

124. The Marquis de Sade

125. Habermas

126. Socialism

127. Dreaming

128. Dinosaurs

129. Renaissance Art

130. Buddhist Ethics

131. Tragedy

132. Sikhism

133. The History of Time

134. Nationalism

135. The World Trade Organization

136. Design

137. The Vikings

138. Fossils

139. Journalism

140. The Crusades

141. Feminism

142. Human Evolution

143. The Dead Sea Scrolls

144. The Brain

145. Global Catastrophes

146. Contemporary Art

147. Philosophy of Law

148. The Renaissance

149. Anglicanism

150. The Roman Empire

151. Photography

152. Psychiatry

153. Existentialism

154. The First World War

155. Fundamentalism

156. Economics

157. International Migration

158. Newton

159. Chaos

160. African History

161. Racism

162. Kabbalah

163. Human Rights

164. International Relations

165. The American Presidency

166. The Great Depression and The New Deal

167. Classical Mythology

168. The New Testament as Literature

169. American Political Parties and Elections

170. Bestsellers

171. Geopolitics

172. Antisemitism

173. Game Theory

174. HIV/AIDS

175. Documentary Film

176. Modern China

177. The Quakers

178. German Literature

179. Nuclear Weapons

180. Law

181. The Old Testament

182. Galaxies

183. Mormonism

184. Religion in America

185. Geography

186. The Meaning of Life

187. Sexuality

188. Nelson Mandela

189. Science and Religion

190. Relativity

191. History of Medicine

192. Citizenship

193. The History of Life

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