Selected Reading

General Review

Stern DL. Perspective: evolutionary developmental biology and the problem of variation. Evolution 2000; 54: 1079-1091.

Melanism in Vertebrates

Barsh GS. The genetics of pigmentation: from fancy genes to complex traits. Trend Genet 1996; 12: 299-305.

Eizirik E, Yuhki N, Johnson WE, Menotti-Raymond M, Hannah SS, O'Brien SJ. Molecular genetics and evolution of melanism in the cat family. Curr Biol 2003; 13: 448-453.

Millar SE, Miller MW, Stevens ME, Barsh GS. Expression and transgenic studies of the mouse agouti gene provide insight into the mechanisms by which mammalian coat color patterns are generated. Development 1995; 121: 3223-3232.

Nachman MW, Hoekstra HE, D'Agostino SL. The genetic basis of adaptive melanism in pocket mice. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 2003; 100: 5268-5273.

Newton JM, Wilkie AL, He L, et al. Melanocortin 1 receptor variation in the domestic dog. Mamm Genome 2000; 11: 24-30.

Rieder S, Taourit S, Mariat D, Langlois B, Guerin G. Mutations in the agouti (ASP), the extension (MC1R), and the brown ( TYRP1) loci and their association to coat color phenotypes in horses (Equus caballus). Mamm Genome 2001; 12: 450-455.

Ritland K, Newton C, Marshall HD. Inheritance and population structure of the white-phased "Kermode" black bear. Curr Biol 2001; 11: 1468-1472.

Theron E, Hawkins K, Bermingham E, Ricklefs RE, Mundy NI. The molecular basis of an avian plumage polymorphism in the wild: a melanocortin-1-receptor point mutation is perfectly associated with the melanic plumage morph of the bananaquit, Coereba flaveola. Curr Biol 2001; 11: 550-557.

Pigmentation Diversity in Drosophila

Gompel N, Carroll SB. Genetic mechanisms and constraints governing the evolution of correlated traits in drosophilid flies. Nature 2003; 424: 931-935.

Kopp A, Duncan I, Carroll SB. Genetic control and evolution of sexually dimorphic characters in Drosophila. Nature 2000; 408: 553-559.

Wittkopp PJ, Carroll SB, Kopp A. Evolution in black and white: genetic control of pigment patterns in Drosophila. Trend Genet 2003; 19: 495-504.

Wittkopp PJ, Vacarro K, Carroll SB. Evolution of yellow gene regulation and pigmentation in Drosophila. Curr Biol2002; 12: 1547-1556.

Wittkopp PJ, Williams BL, Selegue JE, Carroll SB. Drosophila pigmentation evolution: divergent genotypes underlying convergent phenotypes. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 2003; 100: 1808-1813.

Trichome and Bristle Development and Evolution

Lai C, Lyman RF, Long AD, Langley CH, Mackay TFC. Naturally occurring variation in bristle number and DNA polymorphisms at the scabrous locus of Drosophila melanogaster. Science 1994; 266: 1697-1702.

Long AD, Lyman RF, Langley CH, Mackay TFC. Two sites in the Delta gene region contribute to naturally occurring variation in bristle number in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 1998; 149: 999-1017.

Mackay TFC. The nature of quantitative genetic variation revisited: lessons from Drosophila bristles. BioEssays 1996; 18: 113-121.

Mackay TF. Quantitative trait loci in Drosophila. Nature Rev Genet 2001; 2: 11-20.

Mackay TFC, Langley CH. Molecular and phenotypic variation in the achaete-scute region of Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 1990; 348: 64-66.

Nuzhdin SV, Dilda CL, Mackay TFC. The genetic architecture of selection response: inferences from fine-scale mapping of bristle number quantitative trait loci in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 1999; 153: 1317-1331.

Sucena E, Stern DL. Divergence of larval morphology between Drosophila sechellia and its sibling species caused by cis-regulatory evolution of ovo/shaven-baby. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 2000; 97: 4530-4534.

Sucena E, Delon I., Jones I, Payre F, Stern DL. Regulatory evolution of shavenbaby/ovo underlies multiple cases of morphological parallelism. Nature 2003; In press.

Evolution in Stickleback Fish

Anh D-G, Gibson G. Axial variation in the threespine stickleback: genetic and environmental factors. Evol Dev 1999; 1: 100-112.

Bell MA, Foster SA. The evolutionary biology of the threespine stickleback. New York, Oxford Science, 1994.

Peichel CL, Nereng KS, Ohgl KA, et al. The genetic architecture of divergence between threespine stickleback species. Nature 2001; 414: 901-905.

Cryptic Variation Quantitative and Developmental Genetic

Gibson G, Hogness DS. Effect of polymorphism in the Drosophila regulatory gene Ultrabithorax on homeotic stability. Science 1996; 271: 200-203.

Gibson G, Wemple M, van Helden S. Potential variance affecting homeotic Ultrabithorax and Antennapedia phenotypes in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 1999; 151: 1081-1091.

Polaczyk PJ, Gasperini R, Gibson G. Naturally occurring genetic variation affects Drosophila photoreceptor determination. Dev Genes Evol 1998; 207: 462-470.

Skaer N, Simpson P. Genetic analysis of bristle loss in hybrids between Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans provides evidence for divergence of cis-regulatory sequences in the achaete-scute gene complex. Dev Biol 2000; 221: 148-167.

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