Index

Entries for figures appear in italics. Entries for tables appear in bold.

abandoned cubs 315

abdominal effusions 75, 75-76 see also ascites abortion 395 acrosomal integrity 171-175 membranes 164, 164-165 reaction 169-171, 170, 485 adaptations to captive environment

346-347, 514 dental/skeletal 102, 102, 380-381 digestive system 102-105,

378-380, 379 highly specialised 378 vocalisation 382-383, 383 see also anatomy/physiology Adventure World (Japan) 202 Aeromonas 366

age, and reproductive traits 176 ageing see geriatric animals aggression, male and cub rearing practices 334 historical perspectives 458 life history/behavioural traits 87,

94-96, 97 and mating 159, 289-292, 290

see also below play fighting 338, 338, 348 role of AI 490 selection against 346-347 aggressive behaviour management 98, 346-347, 348 hyper-aggression/misdirection of aggression in captivity 346, 348 opportunities for familiarity 346, 349

seasonal testosterone patterns

346, 348 selection against aggression 346-347

stepwise controlled exposure 347 aggressive behaviour, other animals 344-346

AI (artificial insemination) 469, 470, 471, 471-472 for aggressive pairs 490 anaesthesia 471 at Chengdu Research Base

485-490 cold storage of semen 479, 484 combined AI/natural mating 474,

479, 484 comparative data 471-472 critically ill sperm donor 474,

474-479, 490 future priorities 490-491 and gene diversity 491 historical perspectives 458, 461 for inexperienced animals 490 insemination methodology 471 for mate incompatibility 470 and natural mating 263-266,

479, 484 number of sperm required 491 oestrus, indications 471 results, reproductive successes

473-474, 474 semen processing for assisted breeding 470-471 testing/improving efficiency 491 timing of 484, 491 see also vaginal cytology transcervical 479, 479

AI (artificial insemination) (cont.) ultrasound assessments, Berlin Zoo 415, 428, 428-431, 429 ultrasound assessments,

San Diego Zoo 431-437, 432, 433, 434

for weak sexual behaviour 470,

485, 490 at Wolong Center 474, 474-484 see also genome resource banks ; sperm cryopreservation allergies 393-394

soybean meal 394 altricial offspring 383, 471 immune system underdevelopment 384 prolonged/high dependency 315, 342, 348 ambassadorial value, ex situ population 11 American Zoo and Aquarium

Association (AZA) 20 anaesthesia 60-61, 61, 66-68 for AI 160, 471 alternative approaches 375 anaesthetic maintenance techniques 360-361 avoiding use 411-412, 469 see also restraint with no sedation biomedical survey 40 blindfolding 357 cheetah biomedical survey 20-21 documentation/record forms 361 for electroejaculation 360 emergence/recovery 361-362 endoscopy, gastrointestinal

442-443 endotracheal intubation 358,

358-359 fluid/temperature management 360 and hypertension 372 induction/intubation 357-359 intravenous catheter 359 isoflurane delivery system 358 ketamine hydrochloride 357 medical management 355-362, 356 oxygen facemask 357, 358 physiologic monitoring 357 pre-procedural planning 355-356 staffing/personnel 360-361 supplementary anaesthesia

358, 358 ultrasound assessments 411,

417-418 vital sign monitoring 360

anatomy/physiology 378

dietary/digestive adaptations

102-105, 378-380, 379 elongated radial sesamoid bone 102, 102 gastrointestinal tract 102-105 highly specialised nature 378 microbial symbionts 104 skeletal 380-381 skull/dental modifications 102

urinogenital 381, 381-382, 382 for vocalisation 382-383, 383 androgen profiles, males 219, 219-221,

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