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a Data collected in 1999 only; measurements not taken in 1998; n = total number of individuals; S. D. = standard deviation; min = minimum value among all individuals; max = maximum value; b Body condition score based on ratings of 1 to 9 (ideal = 5).

Stunted development syndrome

Nine of the 61 giant pandas (14.8%; seven adults, two juveniles; three males, five females) had a stunted stature (comparatively small size with shortened body conformation) with various associated medical problems (Table 4.5). A common characteristic was an unthrifty appearance and rough hair coat. All (except SB 358) were captive-born, none had reproduced, and only one of five females had demonstrated oes-trual activity. Five had moderate-to-severe ascites as indicated by ultrasound, and three of these (SB 325, 388, 393) had visible abdominal enlargement. Five had significant dental disease typified by excessively stained, pitted and worn teeth, far advanced for their age. In the younger cohort, the enamel was pitted, thin or even missing along some of the tooth surface (enamel dysplasia). All nine giant pandas

Table 4.3. Clinical pathology values for the giant pandaa

Adult Subadult Juvenile

Table 4.3. Clinical pathology values for the giant pandaa

Adult Subadult Juvenile

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