References

Amann, R. P. (1986). Reproductive physiology and endocrinology of the dog. In Current Therapy in Theriogenology II, ed. D. A. Morrow. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders Co., pp. 532-8.

Andrews, J. C., Howard, J. G., Bavister, B. D. and Wildt, D. E. (1992). Sperm capacitation in the domestic cat (Felis catus) and leopard cat (Felis bengalensis) as studied with a salt-stored zona pellucida penetration assay. Molecular Reproduction and Development, 31, 200-7.

Barone, M. A., Roelke, M. E., Howard, J. G., Anderson, A. E. and Wildt, D. E. (1994). Reproductive characterization of male Florida panthers: comparative studies from Florida, Texas, Colorado, Chile and North American zoos. Journal of Mammology, 75, 150-62.

Beyer, W. H. (1987). CRC Standard Mathematical Tables, 28th Edn. Boca Raton, FL CRC Press, p. 131.

Boatman, D. E., Andrews, J. C. and Bavister, B. D. (1988). A quantitative assay for capacitation: evaluation of multiple sperm penetration through the zona pellucida of salt-stored hamster eggs. Gamete Research, 19, 19-29.

Chen, D., Ye, Z. and Zhang, Z. (1984). Ultrastructure of giant panda spermatozoa. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 30, 301-4.

Chen, D., Shi, Q., Zhao, X. et al. (1989a). Studies of heterofertilization in vitro between giant panda and golden hamster. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 35, 276-380.

Chen, D., Song, X., Zhou, X. and Duan, C. (1989b). Study on in vitro sperm capacitation and egg penetration of giant panda. Science in China, 32, 435-41.

Chen, D., Song, X., Feng, W. et al. (1992). Study on the thawing solutions of cryopreserved semen pellets in the giant panda. Chinese Journal of Zoology, 27-63.

Drobnis, E., Yudin, A., Cherr, G. and Katz, D. (1988). Hamster sperm penetration of the zona pellucida: kinematic analysis and mechanical implications. Developmental Biology, 130, 311-23.

Durrant, B. S., Olson, M. A., Amodeo, D. et al. (2003). Vaginal cytology and vulvar swelling as indicators of impending estrus and ovulation in the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Zoo Biology, 22, 313-21.

Feng, W. and Zhang, A. (1988). Giant Panda Theriogenology and Assisted Reproduction. Chengdu: Publishing Company of Sichuan University, pp. 32-8.

Gao, G., Mazur, P. and Critser, J. (1997). Fundamental cryobiology of mammalian spermatozoa. In Reproductive Tissue Banking: Scientific Principles, ed. A. Karow and J. Critser. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 263-328.

Hammerstedt, R. H., Graham, J. K. and Nolan, J. P. (1990). Cryopreservation of mammalian sperm: what we ask them to survive. Journal ofAndrology, 11, 73-88.

Howard, J. G. (1993). Semen collection and analysis in nondomestic carnivores. In Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy III, ed. M. E. Fowler. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders Co., pp. 390-9.

Howard, J. G. (1999). Assisted reproductive techniques in nondomestic carnivores. In Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine: Current Therapy IV, ed. M. Fowler and E. Miller. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders Co., pp. 449-57.

Howard, J. G., Bush, M. and Wildt, D. E. (1986). Semen collection, analysis and cryopreservation in nondomestic mammals. In Current Therapy in Theriogen-ology II, ed. D. Morrow. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders Co., pp. 1047-53.

Huang, Y., Wang, P., Zhang, G. et al. (2002). Use of artificial insemination to enhance propagation of giant pandas at the Wolong Breeding Center. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Assisted Reproductive Technology for the Conservation and Genetic Management of Wildlife, ed. N. Loskutoff, Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo, Omaha, NE, pp. 172-9.

Ishikawa, A., Matsui, M., Tsuruga, H. et al. (1998). Electroejaculation and semen characteristics of the captive Hokkaido brown bear (Ursus arctos yesoensis). Journal of Veterinary Medicine Research, 60, 965-8.

Lindburg, D. G., Huang, X. M. and Huang, S. Q.(1998). Reproductive performance of male giant panda in Chinese zoos. In Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Protection of the Giant Panda, Chengdu: Sichuan Publishing House of Science and Technology, pp. 65-71.

Liu, W. (1981). A note on the artificial insemination of the giant panda. Acta Zoologica Sinica, 12, 73-6.

Mahi, C. A. and Yanagimachi, R. (1975). Induction of nuclear decondensation of mammalian spermatozoa in vitro. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility 44, 293-6.

Mansfield, K. G. and Land, E. D. (2002). Cryptorchidism in Florida panthers: prevalence, features and influence of genetic restoration. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 38, 693-8.

Masui, M., Hiramatsu, H., Nose, N. et al. (1989). Successful artificial insemination in the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) at Ueno Zoo. Zoo Biology, 8,17-26.

Mazur, P. (1974). Freezing of living cells: mechanisms and implications. American Journal of Physiology, 247, C125-C142.

Moore, H., Bush, M., Celma, M. et al. (1984). Artificial insemination in the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Journal of Zoology (London), 203, 269-78.

Olson, M. A., Huang, Y., Li, D. et al. (2003). Assessment of motility, acrosomal integrity and viability of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) sperm following short-term storage at 4°C. Zoo Biology, 22, 529-44.

Platz, C., Wildt, D. E., Howard, J. G. and Bush, M. (1983). Electroejaculation and semen analysis and freezing in the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 67, 9-12.

Pope, C., Zhang, Y. and Dresser, B. (1991). A simple staining method for evaluating acrosomal status of cat spermatozoa. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 22, 87-95.

Roelke, M. E., Martenson, J. S. and O'Brien, S. J. (1993). The consequences of demographic reduction and genetic depletion in the endangered Florida panther. Current Biology, 3, 340-50.

Spindler, R. E., Huang, Y., Howard, J. G. et al. (2004). Acrosomal integrity and capacitation are not influenced by sperm cryopreservation in the giant panda. Reproduction, 127, 547-56.

Sun, Q., Liu, H., Li, X. et al. (1996). The role of calcium and protein kinase C in the acrosome reaction of giant panda spermatozoa. Theriogenology, 46, 359-67.

Wildt, D. E. and Swanson, W. F. (1998). Reproduction in cats. In Encyclopedia of Reproduction, ed. E. Knobil and J. Neil. New York, NY: Academic Press, Inc., pp. 497-510.

Wildt, D. E., Rall, W. F., Critser, J. K., Monfort, S. L. and Seal, U. S. (1997). Genome resource banks: 'living collections' for biodiversity conservation. BioScience, 47, 689-98.

Yanagimachi, R. (1994). Mammalian fertilization. In The Physiology of Reproduction, ed. E. Knobil and J. Neil. New York, NY: Raven Press, pp. 189-317.

Yanagimachi, R., Lopata, A., Odom, C. B. et al. (1979). Retention of biologic characteristics of zona pellucida in highly concentrated salt solution: the use of salt-stored eggs for assessing the fertilizing ability of spermatozoa. Fertility and Sterility, 31, 562-74.

Ye, Z. Y., He, G. X., Zhang, A. J. et al. (1991). Studies on the artificial pollination method of giant panda. Journal of Sichuan University (Natural Science), 28, 50-3.

Zhang, A. J., Ye, Z. Y., He, G. X. et al. (1991). Studies on conception effect of frozen semen in the giant panda. Journal of Sichuan University (Natural Science), 28, 54-9.

Zheng, S., Zhao, Q., Xie, Z., Wildt, D. E. and Seal, U. S. (1997). Giant Panda Captive Planning Management Workshop Report. Apple Valley, MN: Conservation Breeding Specialist Group.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment