Usa

Fish & Wildlife Service, import policy 522 Laboratory of Genomic Diversity 248

see also North America uterine/cervical infection 81, 81 lesions 396, 396 UV radiation 405

vaccinations 363-364 distemper virus 364 enteritis 390 parvovirus 364 rabies 364 vaginal cytology, oestrus cycle monitoring for timed matings 231-232

animals used/study group 232 case studies/representative profiles 238-239, 238 daily collection of swabs 242 evaluating infertile animals 241 evaluating underlying mechanism 241 false/second chromic shifts 242 future priorities 241-242 methodology 233-236 morphology/staining traits

236, 236 oestrus cycle monitoring

239-241 training females to allow procedure 232, 233, 233, 241, 354 trichrome staining 233-236 in relation to urinary oestrogen 236-238, 236-237 vaginal cytological monitoring of wild pandas vertebral spondylosis 368 veterinary training 378, 453

viral diseases 392-393 distemper 392, 393 parvovirus 392 vitamins/minerals 124 vocalisation, adaptations to 382-383, 383 neonates 316 vomitting 393 VORTEX 508

weaning 326-327

critical timeframe determination

343, 348 neonatal management 293 post-weaning stress 294 water 118-121 see also fluid balance well-being, psychological 401 see also stress wild carnivores, socialization 336 wild giant pandas see in situ population Wildt, David 25, 33 Wolong Center (China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda) 39, 81, 274 AI efficiency 474, 474-484 breeding programme 23-25 cold storage of semen 479, 484 combined AI/natural mating 474 endocrinology studies 202 environmental enrichment 303 male squamous cell carcinoma case 474, 474-479 timing of AI 484 transcervical AI 479, 479 see also behavioural management strategies working groups behaviour and management,

CBSG 30 conservation assessment and research techniques, CBSG 528 mortality, veterinary and nutrition, CBSG 30-31, 378 workshop proceedings 26, 26-28 captive management working group 378 demographics working group

28-29 genetic management workshop 496 mortality, veterinary and nutrition working group 30-31, 378 reproduction, behaviour and management working group 30 World Conservation Union Species Survival Commission see Conservation Breeding Specialist Group worms see parasites

Zoo Atlanta 39, 200 zoo science 17-19

multidisciplinary/integrative approach see partnerships practical applications 17-18 priorities 35

whole animal approach 18 Zoological Society of San Diego see San

Diego Zoo Zoológico de Chapultepec (Mexico) 202

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