Contents

Contributors Preface

Introductions for Sections I-IV

xxv xxi

PART I: SUPRAORDINAL RELATIONSHIPS OF

PRIMATES AND THEIR TIME OF ORIGIN

1. A Molecular Classification for the Living Orders of Placental

Mammals and the Phylogenetic Placement of Primates 1

Springer, M. S., Murphy, W. J., Eizirik, E., Madsen, O., Scatty, M., Douady, C. J., Teeting, E. C., Stanhope, M.. J., de Jong, W. W., and O'Brien, S. J.

Introduction 1

Materials and Methods 4

Results 5

Likelihood and Bayesian Analyses with the Full Data Set 5

Analyses with Outgroup Jackknifing 12

Analyses with the Nuclear Data Set 12

Analyses with Subsets of Nuclear Genes 12

Analyses with Mt rRNA Genes 13

Discussion 14

Likelihood Versus Bayesian Results 14

Early History of Placentalia 15

Major Clades of Placental Mammals 17

Relationships in Afrotheria

Relationships Within the Euarchontoglires Clade Relationships in Laurasiatheria

18 18 19

Molecular Classification for the Living Orders of

Placental Mammals

19 22 23

Conclusions

References

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