Index

Accretion, 95-96, 142-143, 164 Accretion rate, 142, 152, 153, 155 Adaptive optics, 55, 273 AFOE, 248, 251 Airy function, 49, 50 ALADDIN, 246,281,282 Albedo, 234

u Andromedae, 33, 175, 188-189, 219, 220, 221, 222 Angular separation, 22-23, 65, 67 Apodization coronagraph, 52, 53 APT,257 Aquinas, 2 Arecibo, 325, 326 Aristotle, 1 ASAS-3, 257 ASP, 257

Astrometry, 25-31, 72, 250-255, 269

Binary system, 144-145, 176, 189, 191 Bipolar flux, 93

Black-Body emission, 330-332 Brahe, 2

Brown dwarf, 15, 71, 191, 215, 255, 329 Bruno, 1,2,293 Buridan, 2

Cancellation interferometry, 59-62 Carbon, 117, 294-295, 334 CARLINA, 273-274

Cassini, 85, 86, 87, 89, 120, 121, 123, 317, 318 Cassini-Huygens, 85 CCD, 29, 247, 248, 259, 260

Cell, 298-299 CETI, 325-326 Chandrasekhar, 6 CHARRA, 279-280

Chemical composition, 18, 86, 90, 101-102,

112-116,297 Chirality, 305-306 Circumstellar cloud, 229, 300 Circumstellar environment, 139 Clairaut, 201 Cloud structure, 111-112 Collapse, 4, 14, 15, 17, 85, 92, 146, 150,

151, 162 Collapse of the nebula, 92, 95 Collision, 94, 95, 99, 104, 161, 218 Comet, 90, 115, 126-127, 155, 156 Condensation, 92-95 Continuously habitable zone, 233, 234 Contrast, 21-22, 23, 225 Copernicus, 2, 134 CORALIE, 251 Coronagraph, 48-55, 273, 277 Coronagraphy, 59, 139 CoRoT, 42, 130, 246, 256-262, 263, 264

Dark fringe interferometry, 59, 62, 281, 283,

285, 287 Darwin, 201, 229, 236, 239, 246 DARWIN, 62, 65, 281, 283-288 Debris disk, 156-161, 193-195 Deep Space 1, 125 Degree of coherence, 55, 56, 58 Density, 40, 74, 82, 110, 135, 178, 201, 213 Density structure, 102, 157, 210 Descartes, 3

D/H ratio, 108, 118-119, 125, 126, 225 Diffraction, 47, 49, 52

Digges,2

Direct detection, 46, 143, 254, 288-291

Doppler, 7, 25

Drake, 324, 326

DUO, 266

Dust, 155-156, 191

303-306 Eccentricity, 16, 78-80 Electromagnetic spectrum, 100-101 Elodie, 8

Enceladus, 123, 317, 320 Enrichment, 116 Epicurus, 1, 293 Equations of state, 201-203 EUCLID, 269-270 Europa, 316-317, 320, 334 Evolutionary model, 206-208 Exo-Earth, 236-239 Exoplanet, 197-241 Exosystem, 21, 55, 283

FKSI, 288 Flare, 143, 149 Fontenelle, 3, 4, 293

Galilean satellites, 85, 122, 179, 316-317

Galilei, 2

Gemini Planet Imager, 273

GENIE, 246, 281,282

120-121, 198-208 Giant exoplanet, 198, 214-225 Giant planet, 40, 179, 213, 215, 223, 239 GITPO, 257

GJ 876, 182, 186, 187-188 Gravitational microlensing, 42, 45, 130, 266 Greenhouse effect, 109, 233, 235

Habitability, 228-239 Habitable location, 311-319 Habitable planet, 198, 237 Habitable zone, 229-236, 319-321 Hale-Bopp, 126, 155, 156 Halley, 90, 126

HD 202206, 174, 189-191 HD 209458, 40, 265, 266

HD 69830, 175, 191, 193,240 HD 82943, 173, 175, 182, 186, 188 Helium, 14,81,203,334 Herodotus, 1

Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, 14, 133, 151,

332-334 Hipparcos, 29, 72, 253, 255 Hot jupiter, 22,23,34,38 Hot neptune, 219, 239-241 HR4796A, 131, 157-158 HRS/HET, 251

Hubble Space Telescope, 13, 93, 214, 265, 276 Huygens, 4, 85, 123, 293, 318, 319 Hydrogen, 18, 116, 202-203, 334 Hypertelescope, 62-65

Imaging, 31, 250, 270-279 Indirect detection, 24-46 Interferometry, 29, 30, 55-65, 246, 254,

279-288 Internal structure, 198-214 Interstellar medium, 133-135 IRAS, 13, 134, 139, 157, 301 IRAS 21282+5050, 301 IRS, 219, 220, 265, 275 Isotopic ratio, 116-119, 127

James Webb Space Telescope, 40, 276-277 Jupiter, 204, 207, 208

Keck Precision Adaptive Optics System, 273 Kepler, 2, 42, 263-264 Kepler's Law, 27, 31, 32, 33, 37, 39, 69, 74, 330

Kinematics of disks, 141 Kuiper Belt, 90, 130

Kuiper belt, 15, 85, 90, 98, 127, 129, 130, 131, 179

Large Binocular Telescope, 63, 252, 280

Life, 293-326

LINC NIRVANA, 252, 280

Liquid Water, 294-295, 303

Low-mass object, 28, 45, 199

Lucretius, 1, 293

MACHO, 43, 45, 266 Macromolecule, 296-297, 306-307 Magnus, 2

Main Sequence, 149-151

2MASS 1207, 80,271

Membrane, 299, 307

Metallicity, 82

Meteoritic Bombardment, 303-305 MICROFUN, 267 Microlensing Planet Finder, 268 Migration, 177-184

Migration mechanism, 178, 180-182, 184 Miller and Urey, 293, 301-302 MOA, 46, 266, 267

Molecular cloud, 15, 92, 134, 135-136

MONET, 257

MOST, 265

Multiple systems, 176

Murchison meteorite, 303, 304, 305, 307

MUSES-C, 125

NAOS-CONICA, 55, 246, 271, 272 NEAR, 125

205-206, 239 Newton, 4 NICMOS, 158, 265 Nucleation, 15-17 Nucleic Acid, 297-298 Nulling interferometry, 281

Observatoire de Haute Provence, 8, 247, 273 Ocean planet, 211, 213 OGLE, 44, 46, 256, 257, 266, 267 Okham, 2

Orbital characteristics, 36, 170-172, 175 Organic material, 121, 299-301 Organic molecules, 294, 301-306

PASS, 257

Phase-mask coronagraph, 51,54 Photometric curve, 261 P Pictoris, 13, 127, 131, 157, 194, 195 Planck's radiation law, 330 PLANET, 45, 266-267 Planet, 6, 15, 32

Planetary atmosphere, 101-105, 197 Planetary Embryos, 133, 161-165, 225, 311

Planetary transit, 37, 261, 322 Planetesimal, 19, 90, 92, 95, 98, 161-165,

181, 213 Planetoid, 16, 92, 96, 118, 158 PLATO, 265

Pluto, 15, 85, 86, 98, 102, 124, 128 Poincare, 201 Polymerization, 306, 307 Polymers, 296, 306 Prebiotic material, 299-306 PRIMA, 31,246,250 Primitive nebula, 91 Primordial Earth, 301, 303-306, 310 Protoplanet, 165

179,180 Protostar, 147, 148, 151 PSR 1257+12, 10, 36, 70, 80, 186, 191,

Radial velocity, 251

Radioactive decay, 91, 308

Reducing atmosphere, 302, 309-310

Resonance, 76

Rings, 98, 120-124

Rotation, 143-144, 176-177, 201, 256, 282 Sagan, 323, 324

Satellites, 98, 120-124, 334, 335 Saturn, 96, 98, 104, 110, 119, 121, 204,

207,317 Schiaparelli, 311, 313, 314 Scrambler, 249 SETI, 323, 325-326 Signature of life, 229, 322-323 SIM, 31,246,254-255 SIM-LITE, 254 SKA, 66, 67, 246, 291 Small bodies, 87, 88-90, 98, 124-129 Solar nebula, 153, 154, 155, 163 Solar System, 13-20, 85-131, 177-179, 213,

311-319 SOPHIE, 251

Spectral classification of stars, 332-334 Spectrograph, 275, 277 Spectroscopic observation, 159, 321 Spectrum, 100-101 SPITZER, 274-276 Stability, 150, 185-191

Standard model, 15, 18, 91-99

STARE, 256, 257, 258

Stefan's law, 330-332

STELLA, 257

Stellar accretion, 142-143

Stellar evolution, 302

Stellar formation, 230

Stellar luminosity, 230

STIS, 159, 265

Sub-dwarf, 80

Sugar, 298

Super Earth, 213,278

Telluric exoplanet, vi Telluric planet, vi Temperature structure, 104 Temporal-spatial coherence, 55, 56 Terrestrial planet, 40, 62, 214, 228, 236, 239,

263, 277, 283 Terrestrial Planet Finder, 62, 214, 277, 278, 283

Terrestrial-type exoplanet, 208-214, 228, 249 Thermal emission, 34, 62, 105, 214, 219,

230, 233 Thermal equilibrium, 74 Thermal structure, 102-104, 107-108, 112

Tidal effects, 176, 184, 188 Timing, 35

Titan, 102, 122, 123, 317-320 Trans-Neptunian Object, 15 TrES-1, 216, 219, 222, 225, 256, 275 47 Tucanae, 265

UCLES, 251

Velocimetry, 6-9, 31-35, 246-250

229, 230, 237, 302 Visibility, 56, 58, 59, 60 VLT, 246,271,279,281,282 VLT-I, 246, 279,281,282 Voyager, 86, 97, 115, 120, 121, 199, 205, 316, 317,318

Water, 117, 294-295, 311, 316 Wolszczan, 10, 36, 191

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