Two E Coli And The Elephant

IT THRIVED ON ALL MANNER OF FOOD: Dolman, 1970; Escherich, 1989.

"IT WOULD APPEAR TO BE A POINTLESS AND DOUBTFUL EXERCISE": Escherich, 1989, p. 352.

"WE MAY SAY IN PLAIN WORDS": Delbrück, 1969.

"FROM THE ELEPHANT TO BUTYRIC ACID BACTERIUM": quoted in Friedmann, 2004, p. 47.

BUT BACTERIA SUCH AS E. COLI: Brock, 1990; Judson, 1996.

MANY RESEARCHERS LOOKED AT BACTERIA: Brock, 1990.

"THE TERM 'GENE' CAN THEREFORE BE USED": quote from Gray and Tatum, 1944, p. 410; see also Tatum and Lederberg, 1947.

"THE LONG-SHOT GAMBLE": Lederberg, 1987, p. 26. "HOORAY": Lederberg, 1946.

"BACTERIAL VIRUSES MAKE THEMSELVES KNOWN": quoted in Judson, 1996, p. 33.

THEY CALLED THEMSELVES THE PHAGE CHURCH: Stahl, 2001.

IT WAS SOMETHING CALLED DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID: Avery, MacLeod, and McCarty, 1979.

"SO STUPID A SUBSTANCE": quoted in Judson, 1996, p. 40.

HERSHEY AND CHASE CONFIRMED HIS CONCLUSION: Hershey and Chase, 1952.

"A POWERFUL NEW PROOF": Watson, 1969, p. 119.

"THE UNTWIDDLING PROBLEM": quoted in Holmes, 2001, p. 78.

DELBRÜCK TRIED TO ANSWER THE QUESTION: Delbrück, 1954.

THE MOST BEAUTIFUL EXPERIMENT IN BIOLOGY: Meselson and Stahl, 1958.

AT THE CARNEGIE INSTITUTION: R. B. Roberts, 1955.

"AN ESSENTIALLY UNIVERSAL CODE": Marshall, Caskey, and Nirenberg, 1967, p. 826.

"TODAY, WE ARE LEARNING THE LANGUAGE": Clinton, 2000.

MANY BIOLOGISTS HAVE SPENT THEIR CAREERS:

Echols, 2001; Neidhardt, 1996; Schaechter, Ingraham, and Neidhardt, 2006.

AN ENORMOUS PRESSURE INSIDE E. COLI: Norris et al., 2007.

TO UNCOVER ITS PATHWAYS: Sauer, Heinemann, and Zamboni, 2007.

E. COLI NEEDS IRON TO LIVE: Andrews, Robinson, and Rodriguez-Quinones, 2003; Wandersman and Delepelaire, 2004.

SUNLIGHT STRIKES THE PLANET: Michaelian, 2005.

THE FIRST SCIENTIST TO GET A GOOD LOOK: Berg, 2004.

WHERE THEY ACT LIKE A MICROBIAL TONGUE: Thiem, Kentner, and Sourjik, 2007.

ASTONISHINGLY TINY CHANGES IN THE CONCENTRATION OF MOLECULES: Bray, Levin, and Lipkow, 2007.

IT MAY BE MORE LIKE A BRAIN: M. D. Baker, Wolanin, and Stock, 2006.

WITH SOME LOOSE DNA TOSSED IN LIKE A BOWL OF TANGLED SPAGHETTI: Harold, 2005.

TO DIVIDE ALL OF LIFE INTO TWO GREAT GROUPS: Sapp, 2005.

HOW E. COLI ORGANIZES ITS DNA: Higgins, 2005; Thanbichler and Shapiro, 2006; Willenbrock and Ussery, 2004.

YET E. COLI CAN DO ALL OF THAT: O'Donnell, 2006.

TWO NEW CHROMOSOMES FORM: Jun and Mulder, 2006; Norris et al., 2007; Thanbichler and Shapiro, 2006; Woldringh and Nanninga, 2006.

A PROTEIN CALLED FTSZ: Bernhardt and de Boer, 2005; Goehring and Beckwith, 2005; Margolin, 2005.

INSTEAD, E. COLI SLAMS ON THE BRAKES: D. E. Chang, Smalley, and Conway, 2002; Higgins, 2005; Nystrom, 2004.

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