Learn The Art Of Sketching
Freehand Sketching An Introduction
Learn to sketch by working through these quick, simple lessons. This Learn to Sketch course will help you learn to draw what you see and develop your skills.
We live in a universe made up of matter and energy, a material universe. To understand and explain this material universe is the goal of science, which is a methodology as well as a body of knowledge obtained through that methodology. Science is limited to matter and energy, but as will become clear when we discuss religion, most individuals believe that reality includes something other than matter and energy. The methodology of science is a topic on which any college library has dozens of feet of shelves of books and journals, so obviously just one chapter won't go much beyond sketching out the bare essentials. Still, I will try to show how science differs from many other ways of knowing and how it is particularly well suited to explaining our material universe.
Drawing or sketching what you see while looking through a telescope is the oldest and simplest method of making a record of the observation. Even today, in this high tech world, the eye as detector and paper and pencil as recorder is a simple, inexpensive valuable method available to everyone. Not necessarily to be outdone by CCD cameras, modern observers with very high acuity of vision like Carlos Hernandez, John Rogers, Claus Benninghoven, and Stephen James O'Meara can accurately record amazing detail with just their eyes and a telescope of good quality. Indeed, during the era of photographic film, the eye was always able to see more planetary detail than film could capture. Studying Jupiter by making a drawing has another attribute. The process of drawing the planet will make you a better observer it trains the eye to see fine detail. It trains the mind to remember what has been seen. Somehow, the simple act of drawing what we see puts us on a higher intellectual plane. Even if you...
Dressed much better, and is one of the most classy individuals in astrophysics. I absorbed much by pure osmosis over the four years I worked in their group. I remember Tom describing my first project, sketching a rough diagram on a pad of wide-lined paper the super giant explosion of a star, a supernova. Now that is an explosion
If data are collected and reported in a uniform fashion, future researchers will be better able to reproduce those procedures and create new ideas about procedural problems or challenges encountered. In addition, the form encourages standardization of the endo-scopic procedure by ensuring that radiography, anatomical sketching, and photography are all included as critical aspects of the endoscopy application in anthropological and archaeological research.
Unfortunately, at the end of the nineteenth century, it was difficult to join camera to telescope and obtain satisfactory images of planetary surfaces. Solar and stellar photography had advanced during the nineteenth century but not planetary photography. Photographing planets posed special problems because the definition of details was more important than in stellar photography, whose goal was the capture of the illumination. As late as the early 1970s, planetary observers relied upon observation and sketching to obtain the finer details of a planet. This situation changed when the first spacecraft circled a planet, collecting images of its surface.
With his father's help, Clyde built a storage and storm cellar that could also provide the stable air needed for telescope-mirror testing. He then made a fine 7-inch reflector and sent it to his Uncle Lee. His uncle paid him, and Clyde plunged the money into a 9-inch mirror of his own. His days belonged to farmwork, but his nights were devoted to observing the skies and carefully sketching the planets. He completed his excellent new telescope in time to enjoy the 1928 close passage of the Earth by Mars.