38th Shuttle flight and 10th flight of Columbia 1st Shuttle mission totally dedicated to astronomical research, 1st fully outfitted pallet-and-igloo combination to fly on board Columbia, oldest man to fly into space to date and 1st seven-man crew to fly on board a Shuttle mission since before the Challenger disaster

2 December 1990 at 6:49:01 am GMT from Pad 39B at Kennedy Space Center in Florida

ASTRO-1, Broad-Band X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) and Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) 300 km 28.5 degrees

11 December 1990 at 5:54:08 am GMT on Runway 22 at Edwards Air Force Base in California

6,000,650 km 143

8 days, 23 hours, 5 minutes and 7 seconds

Vance DeVoe Brand, 59, commander (Red/Blue Team)

Col Guy Spence Gardner, 42, US Air Force, pilot (Red Team)

Dr Jeffrey Alan Hoffman, 46, mission specialist 1 (Blue Team)

John Michael Lounge, 44, mission specialist 2 (Blue Team)

Dr Robert Allan Ridley Parker, 53, mission specialist 3 (Red


Dr Samuel Thornton Durrance, 47, payload specialist 1 (Blue Team)

Dr Ronald Anthony Parise, 39, payload specialist 2 (Red Team)

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