Chap Binary Phase Equilibria Phase Diagrams

8.1 Scope 1

8.2 Condition of Interphase Equilibrium 2

8.3 Distribution of components between phases 3

8.3.1 Vapor-liquid equilibrium 3

8.3.2 Raoult's law 4

8.3.4 Liquid-liquid extraction 5

8.3.5 Gas dissolution 6

8.4 Binary phase diagrams - analytical construction 7

8.4.1 Melting/solidification of ideal condensed phases 7

8.4.2 Phase separation 9

8.5 Binary phase diagrams - graphical method 12

8.5.1 Common-tangent rule 13

8.5.2 Phase separation 14

8.5.3 Melting/solidification of a two-component ideal system 16

8.6 Eutectic Phase Diagram 18

8.6.1 Free energy - composition curves 18

8.6.2 The phase diagram 20

8.6.3 Heatup behavior 21

8.6.4 A degenerate eutectic system: gold/silicon 22

8.6.5 A complex phase diagram: iron/uranium 25

8.6.6 Metal-nonmetal - the Fe/O phase diagram 27

8.6.7 Freeing point depression: salt in water 29

8.7 The Lever Rule 31

References 32

Problems 33

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Solar Panel Basics

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